The development thesis of Karl Marx`s Theory of History. Joshua Cohen`s impressive critical notice of KMTH. The Rational Adaptive Practices view of the development of the forces. Child autonomous tendency to grow up. Problem of class-specific rationality.
Skepticism and criticism of the idea of a transcendental justification philosophy. The concept of natural and phenomenological attitude. Transcendental idealism and a statement of the problem of intersubjectivity "Cartesian meditations" Husserl.
Husserl as the founder of the modern theory of semantic categories and critic of skepticism and relativism. Decision epistemological question of the relationship between subject and object. Consideration of the method of "phenomenological reduction."
Difference between Foucault and Hazard in a method of the analysis of intellectual history. The "episteme" - the structure of all knowledge of a period. A generality of history of the man and ideas. Rejection of category of change as anthropology parts.
Heidegger made the distinction between ontical and ontological. The history of ontology in in Heidegger's terms is ontical, and ontology ought to designate fundamental ontology. It is from this distinction he developed his project of fundamental ontology.
Description of teaching of analytic philosophy at Cambridge, Vienna, Prague, Warsaw and Lviv. American influence on European philosophy. Comparative analysis philosophical conception of the students of Cambridge - G.E. Moore and Ludwig Wittgenstein.
The mental natures of an individual's mental states and events. The theory that propositional mental-state and even kinds are nonindividualsitically individuated. Intentional mental states and events, that are individuated in terms of cognitive value.
Several philosophers have questioned the possibility of a genetic epistemology with the developmental transitions between successive states of knowledge in the individual person. A distinction between the genesis of an idea and its justification.
A short review of the whole of John Rawls's "A Theory of Justice". The priority of liberty is as a proposition concerning the relation between two principles of justice. In Rawl's opinion, there is a simple priority relationship between two principles.
A firm grasp of the concept of justice. Study of the development of moral ideas and of the differences between them is more sound than the analysis of the fundamental moral concepts upon which it must depend. Conception of the ranking of principles.
Research of history of development and opening of maintenance of subjectivism interpretation of moral is in European philosophy. A denial of moral norms and functionalism is in modern conception of moral. Theories of subjectivism of philosophy of moral.
The analysis of Kripke's article "Identity and Necessity". A rigid designator is defined as one that designates the same thing in all possible worlds in which it designates. The idioms of possible worlds. A "counterfactual situation", in Kripke's opinion.
The two scholastic alternatives concerning freedom and providence. Leibniz's view of the scholastic positions. The criteria for an adequate view. Leibniz's two accounts and view of freedom. The Doctrine of moral necessity. Difficulties in the account.
The thought of Leibniz from mathematical and physical to the metaphysical, as in the essay "The Radical Origination of the Universe". Here Leibniz raises the questions and also shows answers to this most general questions has already been indicated.
The construction of Leibniz's work in the form of philosophical dialogue. The question of the innate nature of human morality. Sensual-symbolic, contemplative and intuitive aspects and forms of knowledge. The concept of logical and epistemological ideal.
For Levinas, an individual behaves on two different levels. On the ontological level, the ego is a consciousness that aspires to understand the world. On the ethical level, the ego “faces” that which Levinas calls the Other, transcendence, or God.
The analysis of the philosophical doctrine of the English scientist John Locke's of man and theory of knowledge. The problems of the philosophy of nature and science in his works. Study and criticism of Locke judgments about the people and substances.
Attempt to draw lessons from the metalogical philosophical texts. Interpretation of formulas as the basic truths or basic items of knowledge that are chosen as an axiom, an interpretation of a derivative truths - given appropriate transformation rules.
Features of the new movement in European philosophy. Consideration of exposure of logical positivism and the answer to the problem of the relation s between the logical and the empirical. Analysis and characterization of the Rassell-Whitehead system.
The problem which Kant faces in "The Schematism of the Pure Concepts of the Understanding" in his Critique of Pure Reason is that of explaining how "intuitions" (or what we might be tempted to call sense experiences) can be subsumed under "categories".