Interdisciplinary approach in professional training for future petroleum engineers
Training of specialists in the field of petroleum engineering. Dependence of the effectiveness of interdisciplinary training on the overall dynamics of the team. Indicators confirming the existence of an interdisciplinary management system of university.
|Размер файла||17,0 K|
Отправить свою хорошую работу в базу знаний просто. Используйте форму, расположенную ниже
Студенты, аспиранты, молодые ученые, использующие базу знаний в своей учебе и работе, будут вам очень благодарны.
Размещено на http://www.allbest.ru/
Размещено на http://www.allbest.ru/
Interdisciplinary approach in professional training for future petroleum engineers
The global economy in which petroleum engineers live is in constant change and evolution. The requirements for future petroleum experts today include not only solid technical knowledge but also make them know how to apply that knowledge to real world problems. For these reasons, engineering education must reach beyond the academic world and draw in industry. The real world experiences that future petroleum specialists must have to be effective come from industry and not the more research oriented university environment. Methodological training of engineering students is becoming more and more important due to the shift from labor-intensive production to science-driven industries. However, there is no consistent development of future engineers' methodological competencies in modern technical universities.
The issues of the interdisciplinary approach as an important aspect of future engineers training for petroleum industry at higher technical educational institutions have been considered by R.L. Ackoff, A. Leine, E. McGrath, H. Jacobs, J. Th. Klein, R. Meeth, A. Repko and others. It is worth noting that representatives of Ukrainian High School also paid significant attention to interdisciplinary activities. However, like foreign scholars, they concentrated on theoretical aspects rather than on methodological and practice-related issues.
The objective of the article consists in revealing such notions as «interdisciplinarity» and «interdisciplinary approach» which are connected with changes in the system of university petroleum training and continuing professional development. The most important methodological principle to ensure the efficiency of future engineers training petroleum industry system has been identified - the education system should be sensitive to the changes in science, technics and technologies, which, in turn, result in changes in engineer's professional activities. Interdisciplinarity is considered as one of the effective tools to support enthusiasm of young generation for petroleum engineering; to increase motivation of future petroleum experts; and to enhance the efficiency of collaboration between professionals from different fields.
Theoretical Framework. Interdisciplinarity is a complicated notion which implies not only congregative character of activities performed to solve a particular task, but also the transfer of methods, ideas, and paradigms between different spheres (disciplines). Interdisciplinarity is essential when we use problem-based and practice - oriented approaches to solve scientific and engineering tasks, to overcome social, economic and political challenges. It is interdisciplinarity that makes it possible to obtain unique results, and even more, to set new goals, develop and implement competitive solutions, create and promote competitive products.
It should be noted that interdisciplinarity as a trend in engineering education has been developing over the past decades. Today, interdisciplinary, as well as fundamentalism, internationalization, social responsibility, and sustainable development, is an urgent issue for most of the developed countries. The case in point here is project-based learning.
As a term, interdisciplinarity is described in numerous reports and overviews but often fails to be implemented in real education system. That was the reason to organize a network international conference devoted to interdisciplinarity in engineering education.
The oil and gas sector takes a special place in the economy of modern Ukraine. This sector is the main source of fuel and energy resources. The petroleum industry exists because people have become accustomed to the benefits oil products and natural gas provide - benefits like convenient, affordable transportation, warm homes and thousand of synthetic materials. Ukraine's oil and gas industry includes many kinds of businesses, from those that explore for petroleum to ones that sell oil and natural gas products to the consumer. Together, these businesses form Ukraine's oil and gas industry. The industry and its products play an important role in Ukraine's well-being and our daily lives. The production and use of petroleum have altered the way in which we live. The oil and gas industry has undergone radical changes in recent years. Geopolitics are rapidly changing; environmental concerns are rising; global demand for crude oil and natural gas is escalating.
The analysis of a great number of Ukrainian and foreign studies concerning the attributes and competencies a graduate petroleum engineer should acquire has revealed importance of interdisciplinary approach among the key factors that ensure competitiveness of oil and gas engineering graduates in labor market.
Petroleum engineers are vital to today's economies. They make the drilling process safer for people, communities, wildlife, and the environment. They also make it more efficient, and prices more affordable for customers. They ensure compliance with best practices, industry standards, and environmental and safety regulations, and contribute to energy independence.
Traditionally, petroleum engineers should be familiar with both traditional and unconventional drilling techniques. They need broad knowledge of well drilling, management and completion practices. Some petroleum engineers must understand hydraulic fracturing and reservoir stimulation technologies. Petroleum engineers should be comfortable working in the field under challenging climate or weather conditions, but they must also be comfortable working long hours in an office analyzing large data sets and statistics to make conclusions and recommendations.
Moreover, petroleum engineers should have the ability to effectively apply the fundamental concepts and procedures of petroleum engineering. They must continue their professional development of technical expertise and knowledge through seminars, training and formal education. Companies want petroleum engineers who are creative thinkers and problem solvers with the ability to find new ways to solve problems. Having a strong intellectual curiosity to explore better ways to make good investment decisions while protecting the environment will be appreciated. Finally, petroleum engineers should be highly-motivated team players who are willing to collaborate and go the extra mile to complete projects.
However, there are certain limitations in engineering evolution from a purely technical point of view . When designing new engineering products, it is of absolute importance to consider consumers' needs and interests. It is the needs analysis that allows creating more relevant and effective products, devices, and processes. Thus, interdisciplinary approach has been always considered a part of engineering activity. For example, microelectronics can hardly evolve without chemistry, physics, and other engineering disciplines. Such natural consumers' needs and expectations as simplicity, safety, cost - efficiency, usability, etc. force designers to search for new ideas within various disciplines.
Professional knowledge is always highly concentrated. With the increasing amount of knowledge, this fact seems to be rather natural. It means that the problems related to highly-specialized knowledge would be solved by standing out them from a wider context, even by separating them from general context. It is obvious that such an approach would never lead to comprehensive solutions which rest on the interdisciplinary approach.
Interdisciplinary approach in engineering education can be termed as a combination or interrelation of various sciences that are embodied in engineering training process. In reality, interdisciplinary approach is very often confused with multidisciplinarity when educators give students knowledge from various disciplines without making the link between them into a coordinated whole. Thus, interdisciplinary approach can be regarded as a natural training context in which boundaries between knowledge systems tend to be erased and new teaching paradigm is required.
In the 1970s the term interdisciplinarity or interdisciplinary approach was widely applied, however, the issue itself was not frequently addressed in the relevant research literature. The first work that provided definition of interdisciplinary approach was the article by Richard Meeth who defined «interdisciplinary» as «an attempt to integrate the contributions of several disciplines to a problem, issue, or theme from life» . At about the same time, another American scholar Earl McGrath wrote: «the chief purpose of interdisciplinary work is to integrate relevant knowledge around a significant issue» [4, p. 7]. However, he also noted that «the largest percentage of interdisciplinary courses developed by the colleges involved no real merging of subject matter except in the catalog».
The first serious methodological work to reflect discussions of interdisciplinary approach in higher education was «Handbook on the Undergraduate Curriculum» by Arthur Levine  where an entire chapter was devoted to interdisciplinary studies. Arthur Levine defined interdisciplinary approach as «a process of answering a question, solving a problem, or addressing a topic that is too broad or complex to be dealt with adequately by a single discipline or profession» .
Gradually, educators started the process of moving discussions from definitions to practice. Among the next publications, the works by Allen F. Repko are the most notable. He discussed interdisciplinarity not only within educational context, but also within scientific one [7, 8].
Modern engineers are professionals whose activity directly influences the technological infrastructure of a society. The description of a modern engineer is given in National Guidelines for Engineering Education written and approved by Norwegian National Council for Technological Education : «As an engineer you are able to use both your analytical and creative skills to solve socially valuable technological problems. You will have to work innovatively, structurally, and diligently. You have to analyze, generate solutions, assess, determine, execute, and report - bea good entrepreneur. In addition to natural science and technological subjects, your linguistic skills are important, both written and oral, both in Norwegian and in foreign languages. Interacting systems are essential to the modern society, and you must thus be skilled at working independently as well as in teams with engineers from your discipline and from others, professionals from other fields, and in interdisciplinary teams. As an engineer, you will work with people, you will have ethical and environmental responsibilities and you will have a significant impact on society».
Petroleum engineering ensures that energy will continue to be a key component to societal functioning and people's everyday lives. Petroleum engineers solve important challenges that contribute to energy security and national prosperity. The rewarding field of petroleum engineering requires knowledge of physics, geology, chemistry and mathematics . Petroleum engineers often work on global oil and gas projects in developing areas in developing areas in Asia, Africa, South America and Eastern Europe. Under currently changing circumstances, professional success of alumni of technical higher education institutions is governed not only by the knowledge acquired, but also by the ability to conform to changes.
Therefore, it can be stated that interdisciplinary approach has taken many forms in various educational documents and frameworks. However, in reality interdisciplinarity is often confused with interdisciplinarity which could contribute to developing various graduates' skills and competences, but could hardly integrate knowledge and insights from many disciplines into a coordinated and coherent whole. Recently, technical universities have developed a great number of various education programmes which attractiveness in labor market and quality of education itself increase due to introducing into curriculum such disciplines as English for Specific Purposes, Management, Ecology, etc.
The analysis of various educational initiatives has revealed that implementation of interdisciplinary approach in engineering programmes necessitates the development of such an educational framework that would provide educators with the relevant methods, tools, and models for design of interdisciplinary petroleum engineering curricula regarding specific learning outcomes and ensure support for faculty members to improve their own competence in the interdisciplinary issues. In any case, interdisciplinary tasks of petroleum industry boost intensive international collaboration and intercultural cooperation.
petroleum engineering training university
1. Jacobs, H.H. The interdisciplinary concept model: Theory and practice / H.H. Jacobs, J.H. Borland // Gifted Child Quar. (F all). - 1986. - Vol. 30, No 4. - P. 159-163.
2. Klein, J. Th. Interdisciplinarity: History, theory, and practice / Julie Thompson Klein. - Detroit: Wayne State Uni. Press, 1990. - 331 p.
3. Levine, Arthur. Handbook on the undergraduate curriculum / Arthur Levine. - San Francisco: Jossey-Bass, 1978. - 662 p.
4. McGrath, Earl J. Interdisciplinary studies: An integration of knowledge and experience // Change: The Magazine of Higher Learning. - 1978. - Vol. 10. - P. 6-9.
5. Meeth, Richard. Interdisciplinary studies: A matter of definition [Electronic resource] // The Magazine of Higher Learning. - 1978. - Vol. 10, Iss. 7, Special Iss.: Report on teaching: 6. - P. 10. http://dx.doi.org/10.1080/00091383.1978.10569474.
6. National guidelines for engineering education [Electronic resource] / Nat. Council for Technol. Education (NRT) - Oslo: S. n., 2011. - 71 p. - URL: http://www.uhr.no/documents/Nasjonale_retningslinjer_ for_ingeni_rutdanning_ ENGELSK.pdf, free. - Tit. from the screen (usage date: 17.05.2016).
7. Repko, Allen F. Interdisciplinary Practice: A student guide to research and writing / Allen F. Repko. - Prelim. ed. - Boston: Pearson Custom Pub., 2005. - 178 p.
8. Repko, Allen F. Interdisciplinary research: Process and theory / Allen F. Repko. - 2nd rev. ed. - Los Angeles: SAGE Publ., Inc, 2011. - 544
9. Tarvainen, Merja. Engineering education and interdisciplinary studies [Electronic resource] // The Pantaneto Forum. - 2006. - Iss. 22. - URL: http://www.pantaneto.co.uk/issue22/tarvainen.htm, free. - Tit. from the screen (usage date: 26.08.2017).
10. What is Petroleum Engineering? // Petro Industry News. [Electronic resource]. - URL: http://www.greatvaluecolleges.net/faq/what-is - petroleum-engineering.
Размещено на Allbest.ru
Transfer to profile training of pupils of 11–12 classes of 12-year comprehensive school its a stage in implementation of differentiation of training. Approaches to organization of profile education and their characteristic, evaluation of effectiveness.
курсовая работа [39,4 K], добавлен 26.05.2015
Oxford is the oldest English-speaking university in the world and the largest research center in Oxford more than a hundred libraries and museums, its publisher. The main areas of training students. Admission to the university. Its history and structure.
презентация [1,6 M], добавлен 28.11.2012
The education system in the United States of America. Pre-school education. Senior high school. The best universities of national importance. Education of the last level of training within the system of higher education. System assessment of Knowledge.
презентация [1,4 M], добавлен 06.02.2014
Problems of child's psychological development. "Hot-Cold" games (for children till 7 years old). Intellectual Eye Measurer. Definitions and classification. Assessment. Computer, teacher's version. Mathematics. Statistics (for training of banking workers).
реферат [46,3 K], добавлен 19.09.2015
Reading is the foundation on which academic skills of an individual are built. The importance of teaching reading. Developing reading skills and strategies. Stages of conducting reading and reading activities. Rules of training of the advanced readers.
курсовая работа [36,2 K], добавлен 10.04.2012
Motivation to learn a foreign language in Kazakhstan. Motivation in the classroom. The role of games on language lessons. Examples of some games and activities which had approbated on English language lessons. Various factors of student motivation.
курсовая работа [25,0 K], добавлен 16.01.2013
Features of training of younger schoolboys and preschool children. Kognitivnoe development of preschool children. Features of teaching of English language at lessons with use of games. The principal views of games used at lessons of a foreign language.
курсовая работа [683,5 K], добавлен 06.03.2012
About University of Oxford. The University consists of 38 faculties and colleges, as well as the so-called six dormitories - private schools that do not have the status of college and belonging, as a rule, religious orders. Structure of the University.
презентация [2,1 M], добавлен 11.11.2014
University of Cambridge is one of the world's oldest and most prestigious academic institutions. The University of Cambridge (often Cambridge University), located in Cambridge, England, is the second-oldest university in the English-speaking world.
доклад [23,1 K], добавлен 05.05.2009
Oxford is a world-leading centre of learning, teaching and research and the oldest university in a English-speaking world. There are 38 colleges of the Oxford University and 6 Permanent Private Halls, each with its own internal structure and activities.
презентация [6,6 M], добавлен 10.09.2014