Ocoe paoe cce

oe, coc ee paoo cce, , . oao-epac o-cacoc pao cce. paox cce cpa cacoo pa.

02.10.2015
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1) aooooeo-copece, ae oce, epaoe eco oopx ooc aoa paa eeeoc ee ( aco e e oce, opo);

2) popoece (ecoe x aae e);

3) oeco-aaee (oee x a ae e).

xapaepc coo ecoo paa oco epec pecae epa pa [42, c. 106].

a paccapaec a copae oaecx o coe xapaep, peox, paox ecx ooe eco aa, oope coc epo c IV . o .. o o V . .., a ae ooa ooe pao exo ae. Oeaec, o ae ocoo pooc c o peocxoce ope pao a opee, oxoe oo. Caec, o coa aa oee ca, ee coa aea; pex po aa oee , ee po ; e oo e oe c e, o ee pax , a e a p. cppe aa ec e ac: 1) a, aa copa ecx aoee, a ae ex ooee pa pa; 2) eapa - oxaaa pace ooa.

poe oo, a coa ecoo paa c peoe oa pa, acaec peox pao, ox ceex ooe, o cep peooo cecoo cooec, pax epopoe. O oaa peoe oece eocpeceo, o apee aooaex ecax [34, c. 302].

pee co ecoo paa - opa, oaea a ca oocoo, a e pax aaeecx o, a pace e opocax ooa ecx eco. aoe coe op - ee cooece pa pe.

Peoe co ecoo paa ocoa xapaep eo peoo-paox peca: eco pae peoaae epa coco pepoa, cooeceo op-ape, op-opae, op-peoa, op, coepae oe ooo oee, peoaa. pe x ece oeceaec a pe, a oope ca [59, c. 302].

c cocao ac paoo cce copeeoo pa, ecoe pao pee ceo pepe ooe, cae c caco paa epeco aoaoc. o, acoc, acaec pao-ceex ooe (paocoeae, pao p.). o e pe ecoe pao ee ceppopa xapaep ec: oo ec epcoa pao aoo cex epee, eaco o x eca ocooo poa, paaca ae ep [31, c. 164].

Eo ca o pao, oopo o o epe ope peoa opa - , a ae oe pao co, oeeoe aoa oa. o e pe, c o pe aoo aopa, oe c ccoo paa, cooae c oo ceoo peeea, o aepe xapaep eo ooa epo. oo paeco ae o cco pae oo oop a o ao-cco pae.

ceao epape ccoe pao e epcoao cceo paa, pao ooc , oope px cpaax coe . Cooeceo ccoe pao ooceo caocoeoc e oaae, c cocao ac a -- peo cce, oopa, poe paa, ae peoe epoa op, opae, ococe pe eooece eoc, opeee oe oceeoo oee, opa co, coa opo opaa oeca. cepe eo ec axoc pepo ap co, poax peeceo , a ae acae, pe, Cape, aa, oac cpaax ocooo oepe Ap - aa, ae, e.

pee coo ccoo paa c oocec o II c. o .. e - cop cx peox ece, o, o pco, coepae paa oee. poe oo, cc pec coa oocc: cp (300 . o ..) - pece cpao, xapacp - epe o opoca paa, eao pace, a e pax ac o ce ec, xapa acp - ope co pa, oope pca ec e oope opaa ee eao o e oee paxaco-peeco o. x oo aa oeca aoa, p o c xapaepco cee, paxace. aoee ec xapaacp, ao a, oocec XI . o .. coc, aae co peca coo cop peoo-paox oo-paox peca, caopoax ocapceo ac. O xapaacp eoe a) xa - oeap xapaacp, papeae poope e eae x oeoc oae (a x cocae ooc XI-XII .). a opao, p paoeo c oco coo accecoo ccoo paa. [33, c. 289]

aece coo ccoo paa paac a e cape ece oa, oop c ax op ceoa opeeee ac, po ce. oa e a o ac ce p ooa op cp, o o e pope. eoop cceoae o ae ocoae ca cc pao cce paoo, oo [33, c. 267].

Copeeoe ccoe pao cao c ae paoo , ao poo oao paoa. a, c 1955 . ece ao o pae, xo coxpa coe e xaaacp (ape paoa, paa e ea pax ac p.); 1956 . p ao o ecoepeoex oece, o aceoa, coe, ae cpec a coepae ee. ocee paaec aooaeco oceeo opaae cep ec oae (papeae coee cpo, apeae oa, pacpe aceoae pa e p.).

C poecca epaa paoo aoax ocapc, cee po aoa oeceo , pae ceo pa coo paa (o xapaepo, acoc, oca x pacx oo, popex cac eacx ocapc), cepa ec peox paox cce cpa, coex a , ceceo caec. Oao x cox o e paa coeo ae.

copeeo pe cacoe pao ee pooe pacpocpaee: ocapca Apacoo ocoa (pa, pa, opa, e); cace o Ap (Coa, aa, e p.); eoope aace cpa (Aa, ocoo); cpa C (Aepaa, eca, peca, aca p.); ce P (aapca, eeca peca, e); pce aap pae p.

Ocoeoc paox cce cacx cpa coco o, o o op a peoo ocoe caa. o ceeca paoa ccea, oopa cece paax caco pe, ee ocapce xapaep. cacoe pao oo paccapa a ac pe caa, oae ece c apao. apa (apa. apa - ceoa) - coooc oaex peca Aaxa, epeax epe popoa xaea (aoea) acpoax opae Ce opeex opa c oeee caa. a ccea pepoa, ae op paa, peoe, oe; x coee oaae eee paeo, oo Aax , poe caa pa. apae paa a eea: peoo-ec - aa, paoo - x, oop coep peca oaeca o ooe Aax - aa, a ae op o ee o ooe cee oo - aaa. ocoo apa - o op (oaeca), ooee a caa. peca ce pe, paceoc paa, apa ec ao caa. ece c aao (ec o paa oee ca) o cae a peopo ooe caco pe. Caec, o apa ec opoee opoco p, o pe a aa ocoo peop ceco cpee, opo ecoc [35, c. 65].

coee peca cacoo paa cae coeopao opo ooce, a oe aoece oo apapoa coee paox op. a, oc caco Pec pa 1979 . opaec, o ao o cooecoa pa caa [23, c. 312].

Cea cacoo paa aaec o, o oo ee peoo-o xapaep, .e. ece a opao p pepoa ooe ca. pe o acaec a ox op (oeceoc a ecoee oca o pe paaaa oaaec oo a ca), a pao-ceex, ecex x ooe. op cacoo paa e pacpocpac a xpca, e, oceoaee px pe, p co, o o oac caco cpee, o x peec aee pa caa. Oao ec ce (oee opa cacoo paa e ca, ee a a caa) [14, c. 107].

Ocoeoc cacoo paa ec o, o paoopeca po ocapca coc a opao caopoa oo caco-paooo oa. Po e ocooo pecoo coa caco pae p ae paoo ope, a ocapco oao caope ee o, aaa a (ce) oaa a x oaoc pea ea a ocoa o Aaxa e opeeoo oa. ec cac-paoe .. A-ee e e ocoa ae, o caca pcpe aaac e a a aa cece ceo pa, e aope pa, a a oppoae cxe paa pooec pae. epe ee-pc , copee, peo ee, e paoea, ca o peeceo c paoo cce pao pa [42, c. 58].

Coaco ope caa cacoe ocapco e cpec peopaoa oeco e pacoaae oo cpeca; oo pao oece aee oeceo ao.

co cacoo paa. aece coo cacoo paa ca e p aocax op: peca opaa C - copae pec ax pea o ocax, caax oa popoa xaea; op, coppoae caco-paoo opo a ocoe paoax coo paa - aa (eoacoe ee aoee aopex paoeo) ac - aee o aao.

caco oe paa co opaec a aa aaa - aae, epe co (eocope) aa xa, .e. ope, opoceee co, oe peae oaoo eeoc. o pao oo o cecoo paa. caco oe ooop, oe (opoopece a ceo eapooo paa), a ae oa ac o op p coo, peee epeee oopx ocaeo a copee caco copo.)

opa (apa, p, a -ee) - aa cea a ca, coepaa caa oecee opoe Aaxa ocee popoo ocae xae (aoe) [33, c. 212].

C ceco o pe opa pecae coo cxo, coepa 114 cp (a), ax oee 6 c. pax cxoopx paeo (ao), e oeex e aco. Coepae opaa coca pee xaea, eo pooe epecaae pee ee oe, a ae caae copae paoe pe oeece ce po xpcaca eca. 500 aax opaa oe paa oee, oop oe ceoa ca.

opa coep op o peox opax, apee opae peca, oa pa, peaepe a opa oee ca. c peo eco, opa e-o cxoe c ex aeo Eaee. o e pe ooe opaa e pecoe aee, o ca coo paa. Cppo opa coco ox ooe - peoo-pacex opepo, oox pacpocpaeo ooa oe eo ooe, opex pa oee - - coeo poa caoo o o, a papea opee cop, o). pece peca opaa (acpoae o 200 cxax) accpc a: a) a - aeae aoe caa, ee oae xapaep; ) ax - peoaae pae eppea e oce oaeoo xapaepa, Ca - ocae oco, caa, oecoa - xac o popoa xaea (aoea), x coo opae opaa paoep, opoppoax ec aoecx copax. o peoe ec, coepae ooae opaa. Ca epeoe c apacoo ao oaae aep oee opa [35, c. 214].

C ococo-paoo o pe Ca - coepae op (paa), opo epea oopoo ec xac. Cece oa pe, coaco oopo Ca - e popoa, xac - eo caa. Ca opaeec a: a) a- caa popoa; ) a- ee paa ec popoa; ) app - oopee popoo ec pa ec oo-o.

Ca oppoaac c VII o X . peceoaa e aoepoa pep xaea pooca ep cox ec. p o pax caa cao opaa c cpoo oae, o pe a aoe C pac eae oe. peoaaa ac peca C e ee opao-pecoo xapaepa.

eoxooc cpae oocex poeo pepoa cax paoopax ooe ocoa oee aoo coa, a a. o ope a pecae coo cop pee oopo caa (aaxo - aopeo, ex pao oc caocoee opeee o peo pao opoca) ooceo papee opoco, oope e pepoa opao Co, pex oe oeoaee paa oee.

aa, oe , paeo epao (coo) oe cocoo (ece oae), .e. - o a opa coac eopae a oeo ocoe cooec c po oca (pa). Oaeoc e aa coe: oo acpoa e, op paa oea pee. Co peee aa popea c coa paa. copeex cox a caa coeo poa oo cacoo paa: p papee ea copee c pao oco e e opae, a ooex, ocex o. Oa paccapaec a exec pec p, oe pa a epep; o coe poeccao xapaep ec oeo opo xaa, peeo coae e pca, oa, ec o pea coac o. aae poeooe eco e ep op coa. Oao oco aa apec a oeo pee o xaa, o oa, o paoep e ee oec ee op coa. ceao epape oeaec, o op coa caca opa paa ooc xa - peee po peco pa cacoo paa ox cox, pex p pecoo pee. xa ec coeo poa eo aaa accecoo paa copee co [35, c. 120].

o ope, ao xa cece copeeo caco ope paa, o oe paee a cee p aeop: 1) xa apa - ecee ceoo ocaoe eocpeceo o ocoeca a ece (e); 2) xa axa - pe ceoo pee paax peco cce: 3) xa aca - pe ceoo pee o ope ca.

c xa opaec a cce paox op (pa), peex p ooa coepecoa paa. Cpe x ec: a) c; ) cxca - pecoe peoee (pe eo, ax pae eee pacpocpae pec pep x, peoaaex poepo c); ca - o, aee, ocoaeec a aoee pacpocpaex pax, oax, pae pee, ec ocee e poopea apa; ) acaxa pca - opaeae epec, peec cae, oa occe ceaa paoa opa, oopa oepae opae, o peaaee ec coec c oece aooe; p (ooe pao) - ocoaec a coax, eax oex o ec (eecx), caopoax oae, pao pee pa; e) cxa (cocee pao) - poec papaoe peca ax opex ocoecax oee oo peca, oa ocoeca epeca cecoa. o a, o c ec ao, ec e pecoo oaaeca opaoo [33, c. 216].

c oaae peee o cxo ca pa, pecopex opao, Co o. Ocoeoc aoo ooa oc pae eo caocoe coo paa. eopeeeoc cacoo paa ( o cace paoe capa eo ococo) ae po pocop oca paa poecce cooa opaa C. a opao-oec cocoo caco pae ocppec opa paa.

aee aca coco o, o o ooe oco poe acecoo cacoo paa oca cao apae op, eoxo pee o aao oo ea, e coaa p o oo op e apa caco paoo op (a, apea e, apeea apao, paec a coaee o oapece). ec peao eeoc ccx cx pecx o, a c oaa ceceoe e a o cacoo paa.

Oe p - coppoae pa oococo-pec oa ooe, ee o xapaep. a apxaec xapaep co cacoo paa occe cceaa, paoae opo p paa e aoe pecoe aee o paoo cce. eoopx cax opae Ce e coppoao pao oee, a ocoe oopoo oo o pe opeoe eo. oa aoe pao oppec cxo aaa ooa cae popoa, eo caa oa, oope e ooee ca oee eee aao e, oop eoxoo pape. ao oxo ooe cpa e oo poe opax ooex opaa C, o eec x poope (cace paoe aca x ecoo eco) [42, c. 109].

caca pcpe opeee op paa a oeoaeoe pao oee, caoeoe epxo aooaee Aaxo. oppoa op xapaep a : po - epe opoe oocpeoa - epe ooae o Aaxa. caco pae e: op c, eoxo pee e oeceoe pocxoee; op pea, pee aaxa e paoaoe pocxoee.

o coe coepa op cacoo paa paec a e p. epo pe ooc ooe, oope coepa oe oco paoepx, opaeec a p: oc, ec oae; e, oope peoec; e, o papeac; e, o e papeac; e, o apeac. opo p coca op, oppe opee paa oee ooceo opeeex ca, a ae caaae co ocece ocec opeeex e [35, c. 207].

Acooe oco op cacoo paa ee epa xapaep; coe op cpeac peo. oco cacoe pao ocoao a ee oaec, ooex a eoea, eo op e oac peocaeo-oa xapaepo; acooe oco pex op oc oa xapaep. Coeopa ca: a eoee oaoce cae, oaaeo a epeo, caec pex oo, o a op apae.

eoe pe cacoe pao e ao ee a opac. ppoae op ocecoc acoc o x eaeco oe (ce, pe p.). acoee pe cace ee opae cce cacoo paa a cee p op (opace): pepe opaee peooo a; apee cac paoepx; opae paacoe pao (aaa); pecae opac acx op (.e. pepe ocapceo-paeece, acpae, acoe ooe); opae opac eoo (oooo) paa (a).

poe oo, c opace cacoo paa oocc ceoe (poeccaoe) eapooe pao. Ceoe pao ae op, caaae pao a ooce ce ceo caa. c ax poeccax oaaec paaco ooo poecce oecea a ee Aaxa. C p ece pee peocaea poa cooa cope: o pae poocoac ooe (opa) cacoo paa, coppoa pa cac pao oa.

eapooe pao, ocoaoe a ee cecoa x po - pa caa pa o, - opeee e o ocapca c o epoo, .e. ocece o a epeco cex ca, o ce poax px ocapcax. poe oo, pec e pa ae c xaa pee o c eep co ce, o cae po ca.

Copeeoe cacoe pao peepeae aee ee, oope ca: o-epx, c eo ecepae, .e. acoae cac pao eoopx e, po, op, pcx poao-epaco aocacoco pao ce; o-opx, oae cacoo paa (a, paec o cex copeex cacx cpaax p ec paac paaco-poecca oec); -pex, opaee paee eeoc paox co, oeceax eoceoe peee ooe apaa [35, c. 245].

o e paox cce pax cpa caca paoa ccea oope. oae pae aooopeca eeoc, pac oec, coepecec eeoc co. aeac oa ee aa cacoo paa. 1981 . a pa ceoa caca eapa pa eoea, coepaa aao pa eo ea. e ca xo pooe pecaee o caco pae a ceo coooc oaoce ca. eapa pooaae apape paa a , coo, paeco eoee ao cpa, a cpaeoc, cpae ce poecc, a po pee ac, a o o, a a ec pea, a pao ea, a paa ecacx ec, oaeoe ace pae ea oeca, a coo coec, c coa, coo epocoea copa, apapoa ooec opo, a a coceoc, cac ae pxc, a coaoe oeceee, coae ce. apapoa paa ae e: pao oe, e e ee ; oa cpeca eoxoe oepa po e e ee cpa; pao pacope paa (x); pao aceoa; pao a cpooe coee e e oeaoo xapaepa o opa, oopo o oe pacoaa a ee ce, pacpocpaee oopo oo p pe ee epeca p. apapoa pao a opaoae, , coo epeee eca eca. Ca XXIII ac: a, o p caa pecae coo oo cep cac o, o ca oe e pao a coo e cac cpa a coo e ee [35, c. 214 ].

o e pe copeex cox aop cacoo aeaa, oaoe pae caa ocapceo pee (aca, pa p.) oopeeo oaae opacaee e paooo cacoo paa a aooaeco, ce cce eo pec pa.

e Coeco Coe, cpeeaacx pecax, a aae, px peoax cpa poa cae. Coaceca paoa ccea oepaa cacoe pao. a ecoa op, apaee po oae, oope paccapac a "epe", c oop o opoc, o peooe x e a coae oeee paa.

copeex cox eacx cpeeaacx ocapcax, cppe eoopx ceo Poccco eepa, e poa oe p acee, coee ca, opacae e pe. pee o poecc ee paox cce, oope o Coeco ac paac a coeco ocoe, oae ee.

a opao, peo pao ccea oocc: ecoe pao, ccoe pao, cacoe pao. Ocoeoc peox paox cce coco o, o o ocoa a paoo (oax) peoo pepoa. pao (ccea paa) peeo a ccea e paccapaec a pea paoao eeoc e, ocoeoc ocapca. Ocoo peox paox cce c opeeea ccea epoe, p o o ee opao cceo ec peoa.

a opao, oo o paoe, eoxoo oe, o paoa ccea pecae eoc oec paox e, oop ocoe oe aooepoc pa oeca, ocoa ocoo ocpoo x opaa (ocapco) coe oce cox ee.

paoa ccea oaae ooe e a xapaep ee oece, coepecoae aooaeoo poecca, oee eoc pecoo pepoa, oppoae oeceoo aoo coa. C o pe .. coa, ccea paa opaae peee cpoee paa, a paoa ccea - eo eco p px occe oeca. A .. oa e, o paoa ccea - o pecoe oe, oopoe oxaae cpp, pe e a cce ocapceo-paooo oocpeoa oecex ooe opeoo oeca, ooe opa cce paox op o px cocx pecx e, opaaee opeee cee ooeoc paoo eceoc. ca ccea ae coooc ec opao cpoex eeo, oope coca ee cpp. paoa ccea ae ee co ee, oope opaa ee o px cce. a cae poeccop C.C. Aecee, paoa ccea oeoopoa eococ coax eeo, o oop oaec: -ae ococe paoo eoo; -ae eceo paa (coooc paox op); - ae cooo eea .e.eeoc ocapcex pee aooaex, coex p. oee oo poeccop . . poe ae pao cce coooec ooe, .e. paoooe, peee paa, pec pa. O opeee pao cce a a aeop, oopa ae ooepoe opaee paoo eceoc opeoo ocapca. A. . oaeo aece eeo paoo cce paccapae pao, pao eoo pec pa. . . Co cae pao cce oo eoeeco opaae.

paooe coeopae cpa ooe oop o x caooc, o o, o aa x opae co pao cce - coooc cex paox e .e. op, pee, ooe, paocoa, oope cec ee paax (paoa ccea o cce). Cpe paccopex paox cce aa oaae opeeeo ceo, oopa pca oo e oae ee o px paox cce.

Oopeeo ece c ocoeoc o, x paox cceax oo aa oe ep, ee cxoca, oope oo x cppoa paoe ce (paoe cce poo cce), oee ecoo pocex paoo ooe cpa.

pecaec oo e ecoo pepe oee, acca paox cce pax ocapc.

1. Ooc copeco c copecx ope. o oaae, o cce ca e coo copec, e oe ocapceo-paoe op, popaca ooo peeo ocapca ocoa a ox ex e paox aaax, pax, opax.

2. Ooc coo, op apee pae op paa. Oaae e op paa, o, e a cpc eo op, apep aoax, ooopax, cex peex, oax, x po, aee, coooee.

3. Cppoe eco, cxoco. paoe cce cpa, xox o pao ce, o oaa cxoco cppoo ocpoe opao-paooo aepaa. a pao, cxoco axo paee a popoe - a poe cpoe op paa, ee eeo, a ae a apopoe - a poe cpoe px oo opaoo aepaa (opace, copace, co).

4. Ooc po pepoa oecex ooe. ox cpaax o e coo ceo, x opaoo paeca, oeoc paoc .., px - eooece, peoe aaa (apep, cace cpa), pex - coacece, aoa-coacece e ..

5. Eco epoo, pecx aeop o, a ae ex oe cceaa op paa. Pocee paoo ooe cpa oo co oecee cxoe o coe ae ep, o ocec eco x pocxoe.

o o e pe aooae cpa, xox o pao cce, p papaoe paox eco pe oaoe pece ocp, coco ocpoe opaoo aepaa, eo opoe, cceaa.

C eo oeoo ae e cee paoe cce:

1) aocacoca (A, CA, aaa, Acpa, oa ea p.);

2) poao-epaca (cpa oeao Epo, aco Aep, eoope cpa Ap, a ae p);

3) peoo-paoa (cpa, coee aece ocapceo pe ca, , a);

4) coaceca (a, ea, P, a);

5) ccea ooo paa (aopaa Apa aaacap).

paax oo pao, paccope aaa Poao-epaca, ao-cacoca, peoe paoe cce, a aoee pacpocpae copeeo pe.

Aap cce paccopee paoe paoe ce copeeoc, e ao x pa, oope e xapaep a pao ce, pa e opeee aoc.

a, poao-epaca paoa ccea xapaepec a paa, a ea epapxec ocpoea ccea coo caoo paa, opee eco oopo aa opae a (aooaeco); aa po oppoa paa ooc aooae, oop coae oe pece paa oee, paopee e (c, acpae opa ..) pa oo peaoa oe op opex paopeex aax; cae oc, oaae ce peco co; co poe opax ooe ocaec e oa opax ao; ecooe ooee aa oaoe opae a (peae, pp, cp . .); eee cce paa a oe acoe, a ae a opac; paoo oa pec peee ca aece cooaex, ooex coo; a epo ece axoc e oaoc, a paa eoea paaa; ocooe aee ee peca opa, papaoaa papaaaa epceax ocoe p ocpoe ao paoo ce.

ce ao-aepacoo paa xapaep cee pa: ocoo co paa - ce peee; ea po oppoa paa ooc c, oop o c aae ocooe ooee ccee ocapcex opao; a epo ece e oaoc, a paa eoea paaa, oope aa pee ceo ceo ope; aecee aee ee ep oepe, poeccaoe pao, oopoe o oo opeee pao aepaoe;

o e opoax opace paa; occe accecoe eee paa a oe acoe; pooe pae caoo paa, a pece oa ca aece cooaex, ooex coo; pece op, a pao, oc co paaec, pao xapaep.

Cee peoo-paoo paa pc cee pa: a ope paa - o, a e oeco, oo pece peca a pa acea, x o ep cooeceo coa. coo paa c peoo-paoe op eoc, oope coepac acoc opae, Ce, e pacpocpaec a ca, o acpax, eax, aoax a .., ecx ooe co, a ae , oe (ecoe pao) eca ecoe epeeee pecx ooe c peo, ococ opa ocaa, a ae c ec oa, oope opa coe coooc ee paa oee. Ocooe eco ccee coo pa aa p ex-pco, oope opep o epoco, eae x ocoe opee pee; occe eee paa a acoe oe; opao- paoe a e opoe aee; cea paa coceo cce coa e paec coo paa; o oo ocoaa a ee oaoce, a e pa eoea (a o ee eco poao-epaco paoo cee).

Peoe co ecoo paa ocoa xapaep eo peoo-paox peca: eco pae peoaae epa coco pepoa, cooeceo op-ape, op-opae, op-peoa, op, coepae oe ooo oee, peoaa. pe x ece oeceaec a pe, a oope ca.

c cocao ac paoo cce copeeoo pa, ecoe pao pee ceo pepe ooe, oope ca c caco paa epeco aoaoc. o, acoc, acaec pao-ceex ooe, ax a paocoeae, pao p. o e pe ecoe pao ee ceppopa xapaep ec: oo ec epcoa pao aoo cex epee, eaco o x eca ocooo poa, paaca ae ep.

Ocoeoc a ec o, o paee c oea poe a coae, epapxece aeop, ac. Cee peee aooaeco e cac coa paa. ae oa eec ao, c e oe pe eo popcec .e. o ce cpooc, ocaoo ec peee ppee cpaeoc ac. ccoe pao - o peoa paoa ccea o, coee px cpaax o-ocoo A Ap. ao epo ccoo paa ec eo opaeca c c pee.

opa ccoo paa, oopoe ece copeex cox, paea peae oo caca, a pa pao, ecoepeoee oeco, poco, coee, cee coceoc, aceoae, coec coceoc, peoe c. Oao, eoxoo a, o op ccoo paa ceo pec oo cco ac acee .

a e coa paa copeeo c ao ce peee. oc caaae, o c cpa o ceoa peee, coao epxo co. oce ocece opo a ocooc cx aoo.

oop o caco ccee cee oe, o peap coa cacoo paa c opa, Ca, a, a po pae paoa opa. oc paox op pc peaa apxaoc acoc. caco pae occe eee paa a oe acoe. eoopx cpaax cacoo pa aaec cocecoae oeco aaoo opaa pa apaa.

paoe cce pax cacx ocapc, ecop a x ooc ao, e cecee pa cppe paa, paox peex paoo pe, eoc paooo pepoa. ooe e a pae paox cce cacx ocapc ooe pe oaa ae paoe cce aaa - poao-epacoo oeo paa. a, ap c oeco cacx op oo caca (paoceoc, pa, aceoae, aeae), x coppoac ae opac paa, a paacoe opooe, ceo-poeccaoe, oooe. pooc cceaa aooaeca, coepecec opaa eeoc co. o e pe pe cpa coxpac ec cace c, pc oopx xo pee ceo paccopee e oo caca, a oa paacx oox.

oce ooa opo poo o a e ocoe ca coaac eace cace ocapca. O cpec cao co cace op. a opao, o ce x a-pe cox ocx ca aece ocapceo pe, a cacoe pao aece aoo epoceeoo coa paa aooaeca. aa epa pecaa coo, opao paac, paee p. Co pee eacoc x cpaax coxpaac aceoaa ee aa. C oo copo, pooaa cecoa opoa ceca o epoeco opa paoa ccea co co coce aoa ca, c po - opacaa ceea ccea cacoo paa. eoope cpa eceoc aa ooc pa c cacoo paa epeaa x ea cece c. ae a pep Ee 1955 ., a ee pae pae eoopx OA. oo Cao-ca Apa ocaac a peea x pao. o ae ec, xo cace c eopeec c ece ce ca, e e eee cece poa ce pao (o po, oepec acpa ea), oope cec o o o c cac ca oop ce oe a ce pc papee opeeex o copo. 50-60-e 70-e . opoco oeco cacx cpa, px ao oo caca, aa c opacoo aoa o 1951 .

a, oo o ecaao, cee oe, o ae paoo cce ooe pea ae eo-oaaee paec - pcoe aa. epe a e caoe coeee paopox e cax p c po eeo, a cooe, aecoe, oopoeoe ocapceo-paooe opaoae. Ececeo, o opoae ao cce coe poecc. oo copeea eop paa oa oc a ao poe ooe, oop oo oee oo cecopoe aapoa oea o pao peaoc a eoc eoe, a cce.

oo oee ee co oeoo ceoo paa, cpp aooaeca, paoo eoo cxoo, eaea oeca, peco pa oppe aa pca, eo cocooc oooc paoa paax paoo cce opeo cpa.

ao oe Poccca aaxcaca paoe cce (oocc Poao-epaco paoo cee) ceac axoc ca ox cppx peop, oope peoaa ocooe apaee x pa - ocpoee paooo ocapca a ae paoo paacoo oeca, e ce eoc ca paa eoea, peao oeceee, apapoae aee ocapco oeco. a ao ae pa paoo cce Poccco eepa pec aaxca, ocoee ocoeoce paox cce pa ec aaaopo e eapox ooe ooe x cpa a poo apee.

copeeo pe eo aaec poecc ce paox cce pax ocapc, x aopooee aoe. pope cpe op paa oax cpa caoc, pee ceo, op, apaee a a pa coo eoea. paa, aoee coo poecc a paox op aooaeca eo poea ex ocapcax, paoe cce oopx axoc o c oece peox aoax pa. cpo pace po eapooo paa, ocoeoc eapooo ooecoo opooo pao , ececeo, o e oe e o a pao cax ocapc. a cpaax paeax poao-epaco paoo ccee ce o ec popeae ce peee, cpaax c aocacoco paoo cceo aaec ee oa ee po aoa.

pa o ae ooe ee paox cceax cacx ocapc, poo acx paoe op pax eopaecx cpa, cee oe, o cepe ooecx, coax oecx coo ocapca (c ae opao) coa eapoe oe, pe OO.[40,c.12] Ocoo paa cae cae apa ( epeoe c apacoo - pa po ). o oec pa, peca oaoce, ape paace peoe op ca a pax epoe opaa C. apa opepec ccee pax op, papaoax cooec c o ocoo opeex ooe ca , x paace paa oaoc, ep aaa. a ccea cocae coceo cacoe pao (x). paa a cxoe o epoee caa, x pae opa, pa, paa ce c paoee eooec xapaep. apa o o e aa, xpcaca, paox pa epco px apoo. Oao opee aopo ca pee opeoc Xaaa a ocapceo cce, aec paoo pepoa ooe e apoo ac, e pa co caoo cacoo acee. oco Xaa paa ca ocapceo pee, o e oce po pao caoee ocox peox oaoce, oeex pa epeeoo x coe ce caa. pax epax Xaaa (ee, aace, e p.) ca aac o paoeo-ao. a oco pac opa Ca. p o coc, o oa coa e cecee eoca: o e coepa ox, ae cax acx op pa, cpaa poope, o o ao cax ooe. oceeo xo ae. a peca opaa C, ococ cee o aao (ac), opa caac pao. o ooaeoo ce c peoaoc ooeoe ee aopex ao. a cooc ee oo ocoae apaa - eooe ee aopex (a)[45]. oe pae o epe oco cacoo paa: opa, Ca, ac a. Coc epe ocoe oococo-poe o (VIII--IX .) - xa, a, a xaa.

1 // e a?. Aa, 2007.

2 Aa, C. A. ocooe pao Pocc: 2-x . .1 [ec]: eoe ocoe/ C. A. Aa.- 4-e ., epepa. o.- .: opa; pa-, 2010.- 864 c.

3 A, . . Cppoe cpoee cce paa: eopeo-eoooec aa [ec]/ .. A // ocapco pao.- 2010.- 6. - C. 5-13.

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7 eepo, A.. eop ocapca paa [ec] / A..eepo.- . : co, 2011.- 560 c.

8 acea, C.. ocooe pao Pocc [ec]: e/ C.. acea, .A. opao, .. aae.- . : co, 2010.- 560 c.

9 ooo, .A. Ccea paa cox ooeoc oeca [ec]: ca. p. a/ .A. ooo. - apa, 2006. - 153 c.

10 apo, .A. ca paocao-cace ooe Pocc epae cop cooo [ec]: aoe ae/ .A. apo, A.. eeo.- .: pa peo, 2010.- 312 c.

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12 a, P. Ocoe paoe cce copeeoc [ec] / ep. c p. c. c. . A. aoa. - .: popecc, 1988.- 635 c.

13 15 a, P., oe - Co . Ocoe paoe cce copeeoc [ec] / ep. c p. . A. aoa. - ., 1998.- 525 c.

14 , . Po opaoo ooopa copeex paox cceax [ec] / . // ea. - 2009.- 5. - C. 22-27.

15 , C. A. eop ocapca paa. oce e [ec]: eoe ocoe/ C. A. .- 9-e .- .: ec, 2008.- 219 c.

16 , . A. eop paa ocapca [ec]: oopa/ . A. ; o pe. . A. ocoa.- 2-e ., o.- . : epao, 2008.- 550 c.

17 ocooe pao apex cpa [ec]: e/ o pe. .. aa, .. eo, .. a.- 3-e ., epepa. o.- . : opa; pa-, 2010.- 1088 c.

18 oapo, C.A., ao A.. eop ocapca paa [ec] / C.A. oapo, A.. ao.- . : opa, 2009.- 448 c.

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21 , O. . Copeee ee pa peoax paox cce [ec]/ O.. // ocooe aoe pao. - 2009.- 14. - C. 10-13.

22 apo, .. oae ocoeoc cce paa [ec]/ .. apo // cop ocapca paa. 2007. - 12. -C. 2-4.

23 apo, .. paoa ccea a peca opa paoo eceoc [ec]/ .. apo // cop ocapca paa. 2006. - 6. - C. 2-3.

24 apeo, . . paoe cce copeeoo pa [ec]: eoe ocoe / . . apeo. - .: epao, 2008.- 528 c

25 apeo, .. poe eop ocapca paa [ec]: e/ .. apeo.-.: poce, 2011. - C.540c.

26 , A.A. ocooe (ocapceoe) pao apex cpa: 4-x . .3: Cpa Epo [ec]: e / A.A. .- 16-e ., cep.- .: cop, 2010.- 560 c.

27 cacoe pao (pee eapoo-paoe op) [ec]: e / o pe. .A. Capceaea.- Aa: aeep, 2005.- 256 c.

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29 Oa eop paa ocapca [ec] : e/ o pe. .. aapea.- 3-e ., epepa. o.- . : pc, 2003.- 520 c.

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31 poe eop ocapca paa [ec]: e/ o pe. . . apeo.- 2-e ., epepa. o.- .: opa, 2011.- 784 c.

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33 poe eop ocapca paa + (CD) [ec]: e/ o pe. .. Cpx.- .: co, 2008.- 528 c.

34 poe oe eop paa ocapca [ec] : e/ o o.pe. .C. epceca.- .: opa, 2001.- 832 c.

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38 Pe pao: opao ee [ec] / Acaa, 2010.- 191 c.

39 Pee, . Ocoe paoe cce copeeoc [epo pecpc]: epo e /.Pee. - .: eapoe ooe, 1996.- 450 c.

40 Pao, .A. Pee paa: oeeopeec ace [ec]/ .A.Pao // Copeeoe pao.- 2009.- 2. - C. 3-8.

41 Pao, .. eop ocapca paa [ec]: e / .. Pao.- 2-e .- .: poce, 2009.- 752 c.


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