Heavy metal subculture
Heavy metal fans as a "subculture of alienation" with its own standards for achieving authenticity within the group. The musical subcultures of heavy metal and punk. A following of the heavy metal music in the countries beyond the United Kingdom.
|Рубрика||Культура и искусство|
|Размер файла||10,6 K|
Отправить свою хорошую работу в базу знаний просто. Используйте форму, расположенную ниже
Студенты, аспиранты, молодые ученые, использующие базу знаний в своей учебе и работе, будут вам очень благодарны.
Размещено на http://www.allbest.ru/
Размещено на http://www.allbest.ru/
Heavy metal subculture
heavy metal musical subculture
Fans of heavy metal music have created their own subculture which encompasses more than just appreciation of the style of music. Fans affirm their membership in the subculture or scene by attending metal concerts, buying albums, growing their hair, and most recently, by contributing to metal websites.
Heavy metal fans go by a number of different names, including Metalhead, Headbanger, Hessian and Thrasher These vary with time and regional divisions. There is no universally accepted single phrase to refer to fans or the subculture itself.
Heavy metal fans have created a «subculture of alienation» with its own standards for achieving authenticity within the group. Deena Weinstein's book Heavy Metal: The Music And Its Culture argues that heavy metal «…has persisted far longer than most genres of rock music» due to the growth of an intense «subculture which identified with the music». Metal fans formed an «exclusionary youth community» which was distinctive and marginalized from the mainstream» society. The heavy metal scene developed a strongly masculine «community with shared values, norms, and behaviors». A «code of authenticity» is central to the heavy metal subculture; this code requires bands to have a «disinterest in commercial appeal» and radio hits and a refusal to «sell out. The metal code also includes «opposition to established authority, and separateness from the rest of society». Fans expect that the metal «…vocation [for performers] includes total devotion to the music and deep loyalty to the youth subculture that grew up around it…»; a metal performer must be an «idealized representative of the subculture.
While the audience for metal is mainly «white, male, lower/middle class youth,» this group is «…tolerant of those outside its core demographic base who follow its codes of dress, appearance, and behavior. The activities in the metal subculture include the ritual of attending concerts, buying albums, and most recently, contributing to metal websites. Attending concerts affirms the solidarity of the subculture, as it is one of the ritual activities by which fans celebrate their music. Metal magazines help the members of the subculture to connect, find information and evaluations of bands and albums, and «express their solidarity. The long hair, leather jackets, and band patches of heavy metal fashion help to encourage a sense of identification within the subculture. However, Weinstein notes that not all metal fans are «visible members» of the heavy metal subculture.
In the musical subcultures of heavy metal and punk, the word «poseur» (or «poser») is a pejorative term used to describe «a person who habitually pretends to be something he is not. In a 1993 profile of heavy metal fans' «subculture of alienation», the author noted that the scene classified some members as «poseurs,» that is, heavy metal performers or fans who pretended to be part of the subculture, but who were deemed to lack authenticity and sincerity. Jeffrey Arnett's 1996 book Metalheads: Heavy Metal Music and Adolescent Alienationargues that the heavy metal subculture classifies members into two categories by giving»… acceptance as an authentic metalhead or rejection as a fake, a poseur.
Since decades ago, heavy metal fans began using the terms «sell out» to refer to bands who turned their heavy metal sound into radio-friendly rock music. In metal, the term is used to refer to»… someone dishonest who adopted the most rigorous pose, or identity-affirming lifestyle and opinions». The metal bands that earned this epithet are those»… who adopt the visible aspects of the orthodoxy (sound, images) without contributing to the underlying belief system.
Ron Quintana's article on «Metallica['s] Early History» argues that when Metallica was trying to find a place in the LA metal scene in the early 1980s, «American hard-rock scene was dominated by highly coiffed, smoothly-polished bands such as Styx, Journey and REO Speedwagon.» He claims that this made it hard for Metallica to»… play their [heavy] music and win over a crowd in a land where poseurs ruled and anything fast and heavy was ignored. "In David Rocher's 1999 interview with Damian Montgomery, the frontman of Ritual Carnage, he praised Montgomery as»… an authentic, no-frills, poseur-bashing, nun-devouring kind of gentleman, an enthusiastic metalhead truly in love with the lifestyle he preaches… and unquestionably practises.
In 2002, «metal g
uru Josh Wood» claimed that the «credibility of heavy metal» in North America is being destroyed by the genre's demotion to»… horror movie soundtracks, wrestling events and, worst of all, the so-called 'Mall Core' groups like Limp Bizkit.» Wood claims that the»… true [metal] devotee's path to metaldom is perilous and fraught with poseurs. In an article on metal/hard rock frontman Axl Rose, entitled «Ex - `White-Boy Poseur», Rose admitted that he has had»… time to reflect on heavy-metal posturing» of the last few decades. He notes that «We thought we were so badass… N.W.A. came out rapping about this world where you walk out of your house and you get shot.» At this point, Rose argues that «It was just so clear what stupid little white-boy poseurs we were.
Christian metal bands are sometimes criticized within metal circles in a similar light; their faith and adherence to the Church an indicator to some extreme metal adherents as membership to an established authority, and therefore rendering Christian bands as «posers» and a contradiction to heavy metal's purpose. Some proponents argue personal faith in right hand path beliefs should not be drawn into question within metal, but should not be promoted within it. A small number of Norwegian black metal bands have threatened violence (and, in extremely rare instances, exhibited it) towards Christian artists or believers, as demonstrated in the early 1990s through occasional church burnings throughout Scandinavia.
In place of typical dancing, metal fans are more likely to mosh or headbang, a movement in which the head is shaken up and down in time with the music.
Fans from the heavy metal culture often make the «Corna» hand-signal formed by a fist with the «pinkie» and index fingers extended, known variously as the «devil's horns», the «metal fist» and other similar descriptors.
Another aspect of heavy metal culture is its fashion. Like the metal music, these fashions have changed over the decades, while keeping some core elements. Typically, the heavy metal fashions of the late 1970s - 1980s comprised tight blue jeans or drill pants, motorcycle boots or hi-top sneakers and black t-shirts, worn with a sleeveless kutte of denim or leather emblazoned with woven patches and button pins from heavy metal bands. Sometimes, a denim vest, emblazoned with album art «knits» (cloth patches) would be worn over a long-sleeved leather jacket. As with other musical subcultures of the era, such as punks, this jacket and its emblems and logos helped the wearer to announce their interests. Metal fans often wear t-shirts with the emblem of bands.
Around the mid-2000s, a renaissance of younger audiences became interested in 1980s metal, and the rise of newer bands embracing older fashion ideals led to a more 1980s-esque style of dress. Some of the new audience are young, urban hipsters who had «previously fetishized metal from a distance.
Heavy metal music has a following in countries beyond the UK, where it first developed. In the 2000s, fans can be found in virtually every country in the world. Even in some of the more orthodox Muslim countries of the Arab World a tiny metal culture exists, though judicial and religious authorities do not always tolerate it. In 2003, more than a dozen members and fans of Moroccanheavy metal bands were imprisoned for «undermining the Muslim faith.
Размещено на Allbest.ru
Rockers have emerged as a subculture in the fifties- sixties, in the era of rock'n'roll. Features of clothes style, a hairdress also are necessary attributes of the real rocker. Rockers wear leather motorcycle jacket adorned with an abundance of buttons.
презентация [10,8 M], добавлен 21.03.2012
Every nation has a stereotyped reputation of some kind or other, partly good or partly bad. Roots of stereotypes. Studying some stereotyped images of the United Kingdom in 3 areas: the political system of the country, clothes, food and eating habits.
творческая работа [22,2 K], добавлен 26.11.2010
A particular cultural grouping is a way for young people to express their individuality. Bikers movements in the USA, Europe and Russia. Symbolism and closes of bikers. Night Wolves - is Russia's first biker club. The most popular groups among bikers.
презентация [1,5 M], добавлен 12.03.2013
Beliebte Musikgenres derzeit in Russland. Untrennbar aus den Genres der Rockmusik Subkultur: rocker, hippie, punk, metaller, goth, emo. Das Thema und die Inhalte der Lieder, ihre tiefe und philosophische Bedeutung. Russische Musik: Künstler, Gruppen.
презентация [2,9 M], добавлен 17.04.2016
Periods of art in Great Britain. Earliest art and medieval, 16th-19th Centuries. Vorticism, pop art, stuckism. Percy Wyndham Lewis, Paul Nash, Billy Childish as famous modern painters. A British comic as a periodical published in the United Kingdom.
курсовая работа [3,3 M], добавлен 02.06.2013
Story about eight public holidays in United States of America: New Year’s Day, Martin Luther King’s Day, President’s Day, Thanksgiving Day, Christmas, St.Valentine’s Day, April Fool’s Day, Halloween. Culture of celebrating of holidays as not religious.
реферат [24,5 K], добавлен 12.01.2012
Description of subject of youth comedy is Eurotrip. Journey of American boy Scotty with friends to the girl-friend Mike to Germany. Acquaintance with soccer fans in London and trip to Paris. Description of culinary dishes the cafe of city Amsterdam.
презентация [1,2 M], добавлен 19.01.2014
Вудсток - фестиваль, який змінив світ. Найзнаменитіший в історії рок-фестиваль, що проходить недалеко від американського міста Вудсток. Планування й приготування до фестивалю, вибір місця його проведення. Наплив відвідувачів до місця проведення фестивалю.
реферат [45,8 K], добавлен 18.04.2015
Holiday celebrations in America signify the rich blending of historic traditions from other cultures with the uniquely commemorative nature of the people of the United States. Brief review and description basic national and ethnic holidays of Americans.
курсовая работа [42,3 K], добавлен 02.04.2013
Study the opinion of elderly people and young people about youth culture. Subculture as a group of people with the same interests and views on life. Passion for today's youth to heavy music, computers, dance parties and special styles of clothing.
презентация [654,6 K], добавлен 28.10.2014