Development of ecological pure production of sulphuric acid propylene hydration

The use of cation exchanger as a catalyst for the esterification reaction of diisopropyl ether absolutes - a method for creating waste-free technology for the production of isopropyl alcohol. The physical-chemical properties of received esterificates.

Рубрика Химия
Вид статья
Язык английский
Дата добавления 20.09.2018
Размер файла 9,3 K

Отправить свою хорошую работу в базу знаний просто. Используйте форму, расположенную ниже

Студенты, аспиранты, молодые ученые, использующие базу знаний в своей учебе и работе, будут вам очень благодарны.

Размещено на http://www.allbest.ru

Размещено на http://www.allbest.ru

Production of isopropyl alcohol by sulphuric acid hydration of propylene in spite of imperfection from ecological point of view up to present time didn't lose its industrial significance.

By comparison of two industrial methods production of isopropyl alcohol by direct and sulphuric acid hydration of propylene it is necessary to notice the high conversion of propylene by sulphuric acid method and low (because of thermodynamical limitations) - by direct hydration.

In the work [1] a preferable use in industry of sulphuric acid method production of isopropyl alcohol was noticed. In given work an attempt to improve the ecological and technological-economical indices of sulphuric acid hydration of propylene by way of qualified use of wasters received in this production have been undertaken. The chemism of the process sulphuric acid production of isopropyl alcohol consists from the following stages: absorption of propylene by sulphuric acid by formation of sulphates; hydrolysis of alkylsulphates; separation of received product (isopropyl alcohol) and side product (diisopropyl ether) from sulphuric acid with following rectification by receive of chemically pure product [3, 4]. It is obvious, that by absorption of propylene by sulphuric acid in conditions of industrial synthesis the side reactions of propylene oligomerization and propylene and its olygomers oxidation proceed. By dehydration of isopropyl alcohol and diisopropyl ether the olygomers and oxygencontaining compounds forming by that are stayed in cube residues.

The purposefulness of given research was investigation of composition, physical-chemical properties of sulphuric acid production of isopropyl alcohol wastes and research of the ways of its rational use.

In connection with highmentioned from cube residue of the column dehydration of diisopropyl ether a light fraction have been distillated, the analysis of which shown the availability content of diisopropyl ester and some amount of propylene dimer. Diisopropyl ether (DIE) and dimer of propylene may be used as highoctane components of gasoline. It is known that octane number of DIE determined by research method makes up 110 and by motor method - 99 [2]. Dimers and trimmers of propylee also possess by enough high antidetonating properties, the octane number of which by research method make up 106 [3]. The cube residue of the column dehydaration of DIE after distillation of light fraction was separated on the narrow fractions, composition and physical-chemical properties of which have been determined by use of spectral analysis (IR and UV spectrums), chromatographic and physical-chemical methods of analysis. Analysis shown a presence of propylene olygomers (tri-, tetra, penta-) in amount 76 mas.% and oxygencontaining compounds in amount 24 mas.%, mainly unsaturated aliphatic acids. The results of research were given in the works [4, 5] where also the composition of cube residue of the column dehydration of isopropyl alcohol (IA), consisting from 91-92 mas.% of isopropyl alcohol and 8-9 mas.% of mixture of propylene olygomers and unsaturated aliphatic acids is indicated. An analogical composition of the cube residues of the columns dehydration of DIE and IA is explained by that formation of IA and DIE take place in identical conditions absorption of propylene by sulphuric acid and hydrolysis of alkylsulphates. Forming by that olygomers of propylene and oxygencontaining compounds are stayed in corresponding wastes.

Before it have been shown that by drawing into reaction esterification by isopropyl alcohol of acid group, containing in wastes and also by isopropyl alcohol, containing in waste of dehydration a product have been received, which conditionally was named esterificate, which present itself the mixture from ester and unreacted olygomers of propylene. Esterefication was conducted in presence of catalyst - sulphuric acid, by that in optimal conditions of temperature and correlation of reagents a high yield equal 96.3 mas.% from theoretical possible was achieved. At the present work as catalyst an ion exchange resin - cationite KU-2 have been used, which allow to prevent a stage washing of reacted reaction mass from acid, i.e. exclude formation of acid sewage, allow to conduct the process during a long time by continuous scheme, posses by high selectivity. Before experiment the cationite KU-2 was transferred in active H-form, was dried after that a statical exchange capacity (SEC), corresponding to 4.84 [6] have been determined. In reaction esterification the fraction 140-2500C have been used, distillated from cube residue of the column dehydration of DIE and as a second reagent the isopropyl alcohol, distillated from the cube residue of the column dehydration of isopropyl alcohol have been used. The reaction have been conducted in three-neck flask, supplied by mixer, opposite cooler with Dine-Stark trap and contact thermometer. A temperature was maintained to the nearest degree +?0.50??. At the reaction flask the determine amount of initial reagents have been put: fraction 140-2500C of cube residue of the column dehydration of DTE, isopropyl alcohol and catalyst - cationite KU-2. The process was continioned until a level of separated water, collected in Dine-Stark trap become constant. The received reaction mass was settled, filtrated, dried over calcium chloride and subjected to distillation for separation of received esterificate. Before, influence of temperature and molar correlation of reagents on yield catalyst have been studied [4]. In given work a possibility conducting of esterification reaction in presence of catalyst KU-2; influence of catalyst amount on yield and distribution of reaction products have been studied.

The research was conducted by condition of constant correlation of reagents and constant temperature, recognized an optimal in previous investigations by change only of catalyst amount. The received experimental data are presented in tables 1, 2, 3.

Table 1. Esterification in presence of KU-2. Conditions: temperature - 870C, correlation fraction (140-250C): isopropyl alcohol = 1:9.8 (mol). Amount of KU-2-9.24 mas. %

Was given

Was received

components

gram

mas.%

components

gram

mas.%

Benzene

87

31.39

Benzene unreacted fraction 140-250C

87

40.8

31.39

14.72

Fraction 140-250C waste of DIE

42.7

15.40

Unreacted isopropyl alcohol

110.1

39.72

Isopropyl alcohol

119.5

43.11

Esterificate KU-2

8.7 28

3.14

10.10

KU-2

28

10.10

Waster losses

0.2 2.4

0.07 0.87

In all

277.2

100

In all

277.2

100

Yield of esterificate from theoretical is 21.3%.

Table 2. Esterification in presence of KU-2. Conditions: temperature-870C, correlation fraction (140-250C): isopropyl alcohol = 1:9.8 (mol). Amount of KU- 2-11.38 mas.%

Was given

Was received

components

gram

mas.%

components

gram

mas.%

Fraction 140-2500C

42.7

14.99

Estereficate Inreacted fraction 140-250C

40.8

14.33

Isopropyl alcohol

119.5

41.98

Unreacted isopropyl alcohol

98

117.99

41.44

Benzene

87

30.56

Benzene water

87 0.9

30.56

0.32

KU-2

35.5

12.47

KU-2 losses

35.5

2.50

12.47

0.88

In all

284.7

100

In all

284.7

100

Yield of esterificate from theoretical is 51.86%.

Table 3. Esterification in presence of KU-2. Conditions: temperature-870C, correlation fraction (140-250C): isopropyl alcohol = 1:9.8 (mol). Amount of KU- 2-13.42 mas.%

Was given

Was received

components

gram

mas.%

components

gram

mas.%

Fraction 140-250C waste of DIE

42.7

14.76

Estereficate unreacted fraction 140-250C

44.5

7.09

15.39

2.46

Isopropyl alcohol

119.5

41.32

Unreacted isopropyl alcohol

108

37.35

Benzene

87

30.09

1) Benzol

2)water

87 0.9

30.08

0.31

KU-2

40.0

13.83

KU-2 losses

40 1.8

13.83

0.62

In all

289.2

100

In all

289.2

100

Analysis of data of the tables 1, 2, 3 show that increase of catalyst amount from 9.24 up to 13.42 mas.% in composition of entered in reaction reagents essentially influence on yield of esterificate leading to increase from 21.3 up to 86.4% (accounting on fraction 140-250C) from theoretical possible amount.

Subsequent research was conducted by increase of catalyst amount up to 15.0-17.0 mas.% in composition entered in reaction reagents. But it wasn't give an expreted result by increase of esterificate yield and therefore wasn't reflected in this article.

The physical-chemical properties and composition of received esterificates have been determined. The chromatographic analysis, conducted on chromatograph LXM-8MD in conditions: phase-polysorb, length of column - 2m, temperature 110-120C shown existence in esterificate of 24% ester and 76% of propylene olygomers.

References

isopropyl chemical esterificate catalyst

1. Donald L. Bardik, William L. Leffiner. Oil chemistry. Olimp-bizness. M., 2003.

2. Korolyov P.V., Pavlov O.S., Moskvichev Y.A. Pavlov S.Y. // Sythesis of diisopropyl ester and isopropyl alcohol in sulphocationite catalyst in presence of oxylol fraction II. Chemistry and chemical technology, 2004. V. 47. Issue 6.

3. Korolyov P.V., Pavlov O.S., Moskvichev Y.A. Pavlov S.Y. Production of isopropyl ester and isopropyl alcohol from propene-propane fraction// Chemistry and chemical technology, 2003. V. 46. Issue 9.

4. Paushkin Y.M., Vishnyakova T.V., Belov P.S. Practical works by oil chemical synthesis. М.: Chemistry, 1965.

5. Salimova N.A., Shakhverdiyeva F.M., Huseynova M.A. Analysis of the wastes of sulphuric acid production of isopropyl alcohol // News of the high technological schools of Azerbaijan. Baku, 2005. № 1 (35). P. 37.

6. Salimova N.A., Shakhverdiyeva F.M., Huseynova M.A. The ecologicaly harmless technology of sulphuric acid production of isopropyl alcohol. Engineering ecology. M., 2004. № 5.

Размещено на Allbest.ru


Подобные документы

  • Ethyl acetate. The existing methods of obtaining the desired product. Technological scheme of EtOAc production. Chemical reactions. Production in industry. Chemical reactions. Methanol as intermediate product. The technology of receiving ethanol.

    презентация [628,4 K], добавлен 15.02.2015

  • History of application of aluminium. The characteristic, chemical and physical properties of aluminium, industrial production and clarification. Aluminium application in the industry, in household appliances. Prospects of development of manufacture.

    реферат [21,6 K], добавлен 11.11.2009

  • Experimental details of the chemical transients kinetics and pulsed field desorption mass spectrometry methods. Kinetic measurements with the PFDMS method. Data on the CO hydrogenation over CoCu-based catalysts using CTK. CO hydrogenation reaction.

    статья [334,2 K], добавлен 10.05.2011

  • Characteristics of final product: general notion about enzymes of microorganisms producers of glucoamylase, aspergillus awamori, technological processes. Processing of waste water and air, Description of equipment scheme, description of heater.

    курсовая работа [511,8 K], добавлен 13.05.2012

  • Chemistry and thermodynamics of process. Reforming catalysts. Raw materials. Process parameters. Reforming industrial devices. Criteria of an assessment of catalysts. Catalyst promoters. Temperature influence The volumetric feed rate. Rigidity of process.

    презентация [193,6 K], добавлен 29.04.2016

  • The concept and scope of the practical application of the distillation process at the present stage: industry, medicine, food production. The main stages of distillation. The results of global warming and the assessment of its negative consequences.

    презентация [1,3 M], добавлен 16.09.2014

  • Oxygen carriers in CLC process. State of art. General oxygen carriers characteristics. Dry impregnation method. Fluidized Beds. Advantages and disadvantages of the Fluidized-Bed Reactor. Gamma alumina. Preparing of solution. Impregnation calculations.

    курсовая работа [5,9 M], добавлен 02.12.2013

Работы в архивах красиво оформлены согласно требованиям ВУЗов и содержат рисунки, диаграммы, формулы и т.д.
PPT, PPTX и PDF-файлы представлены только в архивах.
Рекомендуем скачать работу.