On the regularities of the motion of the planets
Modifying the Kepler equation for the orbital motions of planets, equations of dependence of the rotation. Equality of the Sun and Earth’s rotation angles through the resonance of the wavemechanism that determines the possibility of photosynthesis.
Рубрика  Астрономия и космонавтика 
Вид  статья 
Язык  английский 
Дата добавления  21.06.2018 
Размер файла  216,3 K 
Отправить свою хорошую работу в базу знаний просто. Используйте форму, расположенную ниже
Студенты, аспиранты, молодые ученые, использующие базу знаний в своей учебе и работе, будут вам очень благодарны.
Размещено на http://www.allbest.ru/
О закономерностях движения планет
Кораблев Г.А.
Доктор химических наук, профессор, Ижевская государственная сельскохозяйственная академия, Ижевск, Россия
Аннотация
Модифицируя уравнение Кеплера по орбитальным движениям планет даны уравнения зависимости вращательного и орбитального движений планет, рассчитаны углы их вращения. Установлены волновые принципы прямого и обратного вращения планет. Установленные зависимости проявляются на различных масштабных уровнях структурных взаимодействий, в том числе в биосистемах. Равенство углов вращения Солнца и Земли через резонанс корпускулярноволнового механизма определяет возможность земного фотосинтеза. Точность расчетов соответствует точности экспериментальных данных.
Ключевые слова: Орбитальное и вращательное движения планет, прямое и обратное вращение планет, углы вращения, фотосинтез.
Abstract
By modifying the equation of Kepler from the orbital motions of the planets, equations of dependence of rotational and orbital motions of planets are given, their rotation angles are calculated. Wave principles of direct and reverse rotation of planets are established. The established dependencies are demonstrated at different scale levels of structural interactions, in biosystems as well. Equality of the Sun and Earth's rotation angles through the resonance of the wavemechanism determines the possibility of terrestrial photosynthesis. The accuracy of calculations corresponds to the accuracy of experimental data.
Keywords: orbital and rotational motion of planets, direct and reverse rotation of planets, rotation angles, photosynthesis.
The world around us is in constant motion. Functionally interconnected main types of mechanical motion (translational, rotational and oscillatory) determine the dynamic stability of systems. Vast theoretical and experimental experience in physical and mathematical properties of simple and complex compounds and principles of their selforganization at different scale levels of such conformation has been gained till now. orbital motion planet rotation
But the problem of establishing the most general regularities of these processes is topical. “However the science is still far from making it happen in the general form” [1]. Thus, applying the entire set of analytical and qualitative methods, the celestial mechanics provides the solution for many problems on the motion of solids, for example [2,3]. But some other issues of celestial mechanics require further discussion, for instance, the functional dependence of rotational and orbital motion of planets, as well as the initial principles of forming the direct and reverse motion of planets. Therefore in this paper we attempt to investigate such problematic issues with the help of conception of corpuscularwave dualism proposed earlier [4].
1. Initial criteria
(Based on paper [4])
1. In the systems in which the interaction proceeds along the potential gradient (positive work), the resultant potential energy is found based on the principle of adding reciprocals of corresponding energies of subsystems. Similarly, the reduced mass for the relative motion of the isolated systems of two particles is calculated.
2. In the systems in which the interactions proceed against the potential gradient (negative performance) the algebraic addition of their masses, as well as the corresponding energies of subsystems is performed (similar to Hamiltonian).
3. Two principles of adding energy characteristics of structural interactions can be transformed onto the corpuscularwave dualism processes.
Corpuscular processes flow in all interactions along the potential gradient, and wave dualism corresponds to the interactions against the potential gradient.
4. Act of quantum action expressed via Plank's constant is narrowed to the energy equilibriumexchange redistribution between the corpuscular and wave processes.
5. Phase difference of electric and magnetic oscillations in electromagnetic wave is . Applying as the proportionality coefficient, we have the equation for Plank's constant with the accuracy close to the accuracy of the initial data:
,
Where а_{0} = 0.0023293  experimental quantum correction to spin g_{s}  factor, ?  electric constant, µ  magnetic constant. Here: P_{e} = wr, where w  energy of a free electron, r  its classic radius.
6. It is assumed that during the rotationaltranslation motion of an electron, the energies are redistributed in the system “particlewave” that is demonstrated via the angular vector of such motion (winding angle)  ?.
This angular vector of electron motion is quantized by an integer number through the tangent square of this angle: tg^{2}ц_{г} = 2; tg^{2}60є = 3; tg^{2}45є = 1, where ц_{г} = 54.73^{0}  a socalled “geodesic angle”, which is widely spread in engineering, for example, in spaceship production.
The quantum functions of square tangent k = 1, 2, 3 numerically determine the ratios of two triangle legs, whose values characterize energy dependencies via axial and circumferential stresses in the system with corpuscular and wave processes.
7. In quantum mechanics the ratio between the particle magnetic moment and its mechanical moment is the magnetomechanic ratio  g. At the same time, g_{s} = 2, if the electron magnetic moment is conditioned only by the spin component and g = 1, if it is produced by the electron orbital motion. Their ratio g_{s} / g = 2 that, the same way as tg^{2}ц_{г} = 2, characterizes the corresponding corpuscularwave dependencies in this approach.
2. Equation of dependence of rotational and orbital motion of planets
The foregoing principles of corpuscularwave mechanism give the possibility to consider from the unified positions many structural and dynamic processes, different in nature and scale. For example, the characteristic of spinorbital interaction  fine structure constant , where r  electron classic radius, л  its Compton wavelength.
Formally, but similarly: interaction force of two long conductors with the current proportionally to the ratio , where l  length of conductors, r  distance between them.
And the number 2р widely used in physical regularities, equals the circumference ratio to its radius: 2р= l / R.
In these examples, as in many other, this approach allows evaluating structural interactions based on the ratios of corpuscular and wave spatialenergy parameters in each action. Obviously, such principles are also demonstrated in Kepler's third law, which can be given as follows [3]:
^{}(1)
where: G  gravitational constant, m  planet mass, here a  distance to barycenter (system mass center), T  planet revolution period. Entering the relative mass (where m_{з}  Earth mass), we can have:
, therefore = const
Or: = const (2)
Since the masses of planets are rather small in comparison with their distance to the sun, then at the first approximation they can be considered as mathematical points and the equation of mathematical pendulum period can be applied to them:
,
where g  free fall acceleration. The average radius of the planet orbital motion  R can be taken as the pendulum length  l. Then, similarly to the foregoing dependencies, we can introduce the planet radius r into the numerator of formula (2) and then we have:
= г (3)
This expression in the units satisfies the principle of corpuscularwave mechanism for space macrostructures. But in Kepler's third law only the orbital motion was considered, but in this case  two motions, each of which has its own wave part. Therefore, the interference of coherent waves occurs.
Similar to the foregoing examples, the coherence can be considered as the ratio of the difference of the travel path to the length of the coherent wave . The interference principle is most easily performed for liquidgaseous planets (planets in Jupiter system) as shown in Table 1:
Table 1  Characteristics of rotational and orbital motion of planets
(4)
 boosting of oscillations during the direct rotation of planets.
(5)
 damping of oscillations during the reverse rotation of planets.
Here n  integer number.
The intensity of wave propagation depends on the medium density and its distribution in the planet volume.
The value characterizing the planet density increase towards its center is called “dimensionless moment of inertia” (I^{*}). The ratio of average values of I^{*} for solid and liquidgaseous planets based on different data [3,5,6] is within 1.4  1.45 as demonstrated in Table 2.
Table 2  Ratio of dimensionless moments of inertia of solid and liquidgaseous planets [3, 5]
Planet 
Mercury 
Venus 
Earth 
Mars 
‹I^{*}_{S}› 

I^{*}_{S} 
0.324 
0.333 
0.33076 
0.377 
0.341 

Planet 
Jupiter 
Saturn 
Uranus 
Neptune 
‹I^{*}_{LG}› 

I^{*}_{LG} 
0.20 
0.22 
0.23 
0.29 
0.235 

The average value I^{*}_{S} /I^{*}_{LG}=1.451
Such property for solid planets is taken into account in Table 1 and equations (4, 5) by introducing the values _{} and (_{} . Such approach also refers to Mercury as it is the nearest to the sun, to its liquidgaseous structure.
In general, the application of corpuscularwave mechanism to space macrosystems explains the specifics of formation of direct or reverse rotation of the planets.
3. Rotation angles of planets
In physical sense, the parameter в characterizes the motion difference of interfering waves, and г  wavelength. The average value of в = 732.5 m/sec^{2/3} with the deviation of most of the planets under 2 % (apart from Uranus).
The equation tg^{2} ? = k was used to evaluate quantum transitions in atoms in [4]. The squares and cubes of initial parameters are applied in Kepler's equation and other regularities of space macrosystems. In this approach, as the calculations demonstrated, the semiempirical equation is performed:
(6)
where ?  rotation angle of planets.
For Earth в = 755.2 and based on equation (6) ?_{0} = 66.455^{є}. For more accurate calculation, taking into account some analogy of macro and microprocesses, we use, as before, the experimental quantum correction in the form of a_{0} = 1.0023293 following the equation:
(7)
The calculation by equations for Earth (6,7) gives the value _{}66.560є with the deviation from the experimental value by 0.007%. The sun has the same value of the rotation angle. This is determined by the process of the earth's photosynthesis.
As applicable to the rest of the planets, the value , (where в_{0}  в value for Earth) is introduced in equation (7) based on the following equations:
or (8) (8а)
or (9) (9а)
The formulas (8 and 8а) are performed for the planets, whose rotation angle is less than Earth's one. For the other planets the formulas (9 and 9а) are performed. Those are the planets, which are in the beginning of the planet subsystem by the value of the dimensionless moment of inertia (Mercury and Jupiter), as well as the planets with the reverse rotation (Venus and Uranus). The calculation results are given in Table 1.
The coefficient has been applied before for the comparative evaluation of quantum transitions with different complexity types [4]. In this research the average ratio of the angles by the experimental data [3,5,6] given in Table 3 also has the value 1.336 ? .
Table 3  Ratio of rotation angles of planets by [3, 5, 6]
Planet 
Mercury 
Venus 
Earth 
Mars 
‹?_{2}› 

?_{2} 
87.00 
87.00 
86.90 
82.00 
85.73 

Planet 
Jupiter 
Saturn 
Uranus 
Neptune 
‹?_{1}› 

?_{1} 
66.556 
64.80 
64.30 
61.00 
64.16 

The average value ?_{2}/?_{1 }= 1.336 ?
For the value the influence of the medium density distribution is taken into account via the transition factor from one distribution level to another. Since for Jupiter in Table 2 the value I^{*} is less in comparison with Earth's I^{*} in 1.45 times, therefore, in the calculations = 0.9478^{1/2}. On the contrary with Jupiter, for Neptune I^{*} increases in 1.45 times, therefore, in the calculations = 0.96793^{2}.
All the calculation results are in good accord with the experimental data.
Список литературы / References
1. ЭрденГруз Т. Основы строения материи / Т. ЭрденГруз // М.: Мир, 1976.  438 с.
2. Дубошин Г.Н. Небесная механика / Г.Н. Дубошин // М.: Наука, 1978.  456 с.
3. Пантелеев В.Л. Физика Земли и планет. Курс лекций / В.Л. Пантелеев // МГУ. Москва, 2001.
4. G.А. Korablev. Spatialenergy parameter and its application in research. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing. Germany. Рр. 165.
5. Физическая энциклопедия. М.: «Советская энциклопедия». Т.1, 1988.  704 с.; Т.2, 1990.  704 с.; Т.3, М.: «Большая Российская энциклопедия». 1992.  672 с.
6. Аллен К.У. Астрофизические величины / К.У. Аллен // М.: Изд. «МИР», 1977.  446 с.
Список литературы на английском языке / References in English
1. JerdenGruz T. Osnovy stroenija materii [Basics of matter composition] / Т. JerdenGruz // М.: Mir, 1976.  438 p. [in Russian]
2. Duboshin G.N. Nebesnaja mehanika [Celestial mechanics] / G.N. Duboshin // М.: Nauka, 1978.  456 p. [in Russian]
3. Panteleev V.L. Fizika Zemli i planet. Kurs lekcij [Physics of Earth and planets. Lectures] / V.L. Panteleev // MGU. Moskva [MSU. Moscow], 2001. [in Russian] http://www.astronet.ru/db/msg/1169697/node17.html
4. G.А. Korablev. Spatialenergy parameter and its application in research. LAP LAMBERT Academic Publishing. Germany. Рр. 165.
5. Fizicheskaja jenciklopedija [Encyclopedia in physics]. M.: «Sovetskaja jenciklopedija» [“Sovetskaya enciklopedia”]. V.1, 1988.  704 p.; V.2, 1990.  704 p.; V.3, M.: «Bol'shaja Rossijskaja jenciklopedija» [“Bolshaja Rossijskaja enciklopedia”]. 1992.  672 p. [in Russian]
6. Allen K.U. Astrofizicheskie velichiny [Astrophysical magnitudes] / K.U. Allen // M.: Izd. «MIR» [М.: Мir], 1977.  446 p. [in Russian]
Размещено на Allbest.ru
Подобные документы
The space is the structure, the world and the universe. Some people say that on the opposite side, beyond the Sun, there is a planet like the Earth and her name is Gloria. Ufologists noticed, says that this planet would become an ideal base for UFO.
презентация [1,5 M], добавлен 08.06.2011Problem of oscillations arising in an elastic base caused by rotor vibrations of an asynchronous driver near the critical angular velocity. The equations of slow motions. Oscillations in the absence of energy dissipation. Damped stationary oscillations.
статья [417,2 K], добавлен 25.03.2011Physical meaning of electron paramagnetic resonance and nuclear magnetic resonance. Splitting of energy levels. Zeeman effect. Spin probe. Device and mechanism of spectrometer and introscopy. The usage of EPR specters, NMR in medicobiological researches.
контрольная работа [153,5 K], добавлен 15.12.2015Research of the primitive quasiharmonical triplewave patterns in thinwalled cylindrical shells Tracking of distribution of a stable wave. Reception of the equations of nonlinear fluctuations in an environment according to the hypothesis of Kirhoff.
дипломная работа [221,9 K], добавлен 14.02.2010Investigation of the problem with nonlocal conditions on the characteristic and on the line of degeneracy . The solution of the modied Cauchy problem with initial data. The solution of singular integral equations. Calculation of the inner integral.
статья [469,4 K], добавлен 15.06.2015The principles of nonlinear multimode coupling. Consider a natural quasilinear mechanical system with distributed parameters. Parametric approach, the theory of normal forms, according to a method of normal forms. Resonance in multifrequency systems.
реферат [234,3 K], добавлен 14.02.2010People and relationships in the future. Education and medicine in the year 2050, space exploration and travel on other planets, the future of cyberspace. Finding a cure for cancer and AIDS, appearing a new diseases, using cleaner forms of energy.
презентация [4,2 M], добавлен 16.01.2010Construction of the general algorithm for integration of the linear usual distinctive equation. Creation of the common decision of the differential equation. An example of the decision of linear systems. Definition of components of certain functions.
учебное пособие [2,4 M], добавлен 03.10.2011The popular explanation of lift The wing as a pump. Lift as a function of angle of attack. The wing as air "scoop". Axis of Rotation Forces. Flight Control Surfaces. History of Laminar Flow. The B24 bomber's "Davis" airfoil was a laminar flow airfoil.
курсовая работа [3,4 M], добавлен 08.07.2009Program automatic system on visual basic for graiting 3DGraphics. Text of source code for program functions. Setting the angle and draw the rotation. There are functions for choose the color, finds the normal of each plane, draw lines and other.
лабораторная работа [352,4 K], добавлен 05.07.2009