The mental natures of an individual's mental states and events. The theory that propositional mental-state and even kinds are nonindividualsitically individuated. Intentional mental states and events, that are individuated in terms of cognitive value.
Several philosophers have questioned the possibility of a genetic epistemology with the developmental transitions between successive states of knowledge in the individual person. A distinction between the genesis of an idea and its justification.
A short review of the whole of John Rawls's "A Theory of Justice". The priority of liberty is as a proposition concerning the relation between two principles of justice. In Rawl's opinion, there is a simple priority relationship between two principles.
A firm grasp of the concept of justice. Study of the development of moral ideas and of the differences between them is more sound than the analysis of the fundamental moral concepts upon which it must depend. Conception of the ranking of principles.
Research of history of development and opening of maintenance of subjectivism interpretation of moral is in European philosophy. A denial of moral norms and functionalism is in modern conception of moral. Theories of subjectivism of philosophy of moral.
The analysis of Kripke's article "Identity and Necessity". A rigid designator is defined as one that designates the same thing in all possible worlds in which it designates. The idioms of possible worlds. A "counterfactual situation", in Kripke's opinion.
The two scholastic alternatives concerning freedom and providence. Leibniz's view of the scholastic positions. The criteria for an adequate view. Leibniz's two accounts and view of freedom. The Doctrine of moral necessity. Difficulties in the account.
The thought of Leibniz from mathematical and physical to the metaphysical, as in the essay "The Radical Origination of the Universe". Here Leibniz raises the questions and also shows answers to this most general questions has already been indicated.
The construction of Leibniz's work in the form of philosophical dialogue. The question of the innate nature of human morality. Sensual-symbolic, contemplative and intuitive aspects and forms of knowledge. The concept of logical and epistemological ideal.
For Levinas, an individual behaves on two different levels. On the ontological level, the ego is a consciousness that aspires to understand the world. On the ethical level, the ego “faces” that which Levinas calls the Other, transcendence, or God.
The analysis of the philosophical doctrine of the English scientist John Locke's of man and theory of knowledge. The problems of the philosophy of nature and science in his works. Study and criticism of Locke judgments about the people and substances.
Attempt to draw lessons from the metalogical philosophical texts. Interpretation of formulas as the basic truths or basic items of knowledge that are chosen as an axiom, an interpretation of a derivative truths - given appropriate transformation rules.
Features of the new movement in European philosophy. Consideration of exposure of logical positivism and the answer to the problem of the relation s between the logical and the empirical. Analysis and characterization of the Rassell-Whitehead system.
The problem which Kant faces in "The Schematism of the Pure Concepts of the Understanding" in his Critique of Pure Reason is that of explaining how "intuitions" (or what we might be tempted to call sense experiences) can be subsumed under "categories".
Brief biography of M. McLuhan. Origin of French structuralism. Review of the work of M. McLuhan, an anthology of his literary criticism. Consideration of historical relationship between New Criticism and Structuralism. Analysis of modern French criticism.
Comparative analysis of the philosophical views of Brecht and Lukacs Marxism and art in the era of Stalin and Hitler. Constructing a Marxist Aesthetics. Consideration of art as a reflection of economic relations and as a construction element of reality.
Nature of cogitative processes of man, their essence and philosophical value. A study of properties of human consciousness and mind, their value, is in creative activity. Reflections of man as philosophical category and basic problem of contemporaneity.
Understanding of freedom in Merleau-Ponty's book "Phenomenology of perception". Existential Marxism in postwar France. Analysis of concept: being and nothingness, self and world, subject and object. Dialectical duality of the perceiver-perceived body.
Analysis of two theses of Richard Double in Metaphilosophy and Free Will: disputes over free will are in principle unsolvable, since they stem from incommensurable metaphilosophical views and principles; free will is not an objective feature of reality.
Biographical sketch of the life and activities of the famous French philosopher Michel Foucault. particularly Freudian criticism in the works of the scientist. Comparison of the ancient and the Christian attitude to sexuality. The value of prohibitions.