Main features of Welsh English pronunciation

Main features of vowel system and consonant system of Welsh English pronunciation. Analyze the phonological structure of Welsh English pronunciation. The vowel and consonant system differences of Welsh English. Examples and differences of Welsh English.

Рубрика Иностранные языки и языкознание
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Язык английский
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Note also how adding a syllable to ysgrifennydd to form ysgrifenyddes changes the pronunciation of the second ?y?. This is because the pronunciation of ?y? depends on whether or not it is in the final syllable.

Stress on penultimate syllables is characterised by a low pitch, which is followed by a high pitch on the (unstressed) word-final syllable. In words where stress is on the final syllable, that syllable also bears the high pitch. This high pitch is a remnant of the high-pitched word-final stress of early Old Welsh (derived from original penultimate stress in Proto-Brythonic by the loss of final syllables); the stress shift from final to penultimate occurred in the Old Welsh period without affecting the overall pitch of the word.


The entire variation of pitch while speaking is called intonation. A very obvious difference in intonation can be observed when looking at statements and questions. Take for example American English:

· When someone utters an echo or asks declarative questions, the intonation (i.e. the voice) is rising to a higher pitch at the end.

· When someone asks a wh-question or utters a statement, the intonation (i.e. the voice) is falling to a lower pitch at the end.

· Yes or no questions, often have a rising end, but not always.

Intonation also deals with the stress of words English in Welsh. 2015.138.p . Words are stressed to make a certain emphasis. A sentence can be spoken differently, depending on the speaker's intention.

· I did not read anything about the disaster.

· I did not read anything about the disaster.

· I did not read anything about the disaster.

· I did not read anything about the disaster.

· I did not read anything about the disaster.

· I did not read anything about the disaster

Tone Stress

\ - She's divorced

\/ - She is married, isn't she? 2 syllebles - desert, dessert

/\- She isn't married, is she? 3 syllebles - establish

/- Would you like some? 4 syllebles - establishment


4. Examples for Welsh English vowel pronunciation

“?” ______ the, letter, calendar, a, madam, nation

“?” long ____ bird, heard, herd, world, were, curl, girl

“i” ________ beat, seat, sheet, receive, brief, the (before vowels)

“i” _________ bit, kit, mint, hill, hymn

“e” _______ bet, let, set

“e” long _____ air, where, there, their, they're, hair, care

“a” _______ bat, cat, hat, add, madam

“?” ______ but, some, mother, come, other, thorough

a” long_______ bad, mad, sad, glad, ma'am

“a” back ______ cart, heart, arm, radar

“u” ______ should, good, would, could, wood

“u” long ____ shoe, to, two, too, you, who, sue, through

“o” ______ cot, hot, got, on

“o” long _____ caught, bought, all, sport, war, poor, or, raw, roar


“o“round ______ coat, boat, stole, bowl,

old, roll, toe, no

“ia” _______ fear, hear, ear, beer,

weir, mere, subsidiary

“u” long _______ fumes, cute, you, newt, queue

“e” long _______ _face, raise, amazing, straight, hate

“ai” ________ fine, behind, line,

kind, eye, I, my, sigh

“au” ________ foul, about, flower, out, now, ouch!

“oi” _________ foil, boy, toil, enjoy

“ua” _________ truer, sewer, bluer, doer, one, wonder, worry, once

“ua” ____ fewer, cure, "I knew a man"

“?ua” ____ slower, mower, Goa, "go a mile", "sew a shirt"

“aua” _____ shower, hour, power, sour, "how are the boys?"

“aia” ______ hire, higher, liar, fire, buyer, diagram, "Why are we here?"

Voiced and voicless consonants

“b-p” ___ bull/pull, big/pig, bin/pin, bowl/pole

g/k” ___ gold/cold, good/could, goat/coat, gate/Kate

“d/t” ___ die/tie, down/town, dime/time, dim/Tim

“v/f” __ van/fan, vine/fine, view/few, very/ferry

“dj/tch”___ gin/chin, jug/chug, Jane/chain, Jill/chill, Jew/chew

z/s” ____ these/this, as/mass, has/hassle, puzzle/pestle

th/th” _____ the/thing, thou/thousand (voiced: this, those,

them; voiceless: think, through, thorn)

Differences of Welsh English and G.Britain Englishpronunciation


Welsh English

G.Britain English



/?/ ~ /??/ ~ /?/


pigeon, cyclical,bicycle, pretty,enquiry




Bead, beat, breathe, seat, sheet, receive, brief




bad, mad, sad, glad, man, ma'am, land




bawd, paw, caught


[a?] ~ [??]


fine, behind, child, line, kind, silent,




bud, putt




boy, hoy




hue, pew, new




beer, mere




bar, mar




moral, forage,born, for




one, wonder, worry, once




boar,four, more




bird, herd, furry




fumes, cute, you, newt, huge, therapeutic, Cuba, nuisance,




face, raise, amazing, straight, hate, baby, paper, gaelic, array




slower, mower, Goa,

"go a mile", "sew a shirt"




hire, higher, liar, fire, pliers, buyer,

diarrhoea, hierarchy, science,


As a result of analyses of issues raised in this paper, language is not stable.

Every language, since time passes will have particular changes.

Welsh English during several years had such changes that for now a day it differs from original English completely.

General English sounds in Welsh English pronounces different, because of vowel and consonant system of Welsh language is very different from General Britain English. The tongue position of Welsh language influences on English and therefore Welsh English dialect is appeared.

In Welsh English some vowels sounds are pronounces similar and some different like: [a] can pronounce like [e], [ж] like [a] and if there is a word”our” it will like [uwa] and [I] sound canbe [i:] so on. Consonants sounds also have some changes like: if there is a word “Where” they pronounce it like [hw] and the word “happy” pronounces [appee]the consonant sound [h] disappears.

So to conclude the Welsh dialect is almost same with other Britain dialects.


1. Charles W. Kreidler., The Pronunciation of English, 2009. P. 327.

2. David Willis. Old and Middle Welsh., 2010. P. 42.

3. Nikolas Coupland,Alan Richard. English in Wales: 2015. P. 230.

4. By John C. Wells. Accents of English., 2015. P. 13.

5. A Pocket Guide to the Literature of Wales University of Wales Press: Cardiff, 1994, p. 91.

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