Ocoe paoe cce

oe, coc ee paoo cce, , . oao-epac o-cacoc pao cce. paox cce cpa cacoo pa.

02.10.2015
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1. Oa xapaepca paoo cce a eppeaeop peco a

1.1 oe, coc ee paoo cce

1.2 acca paox cce

2. Aa ocox paox cce copeeoc

2.1 Poao-epaca paoa ccea (oeaoe pao)

2.2 Ao-cacoca paoa ccea (ce oeo paa)

3. Peoe paoe cce

3.1 Ocoeoc paox cce cpa cacoo pa

3.2 e peoe paoe cce

aee

Cco cooao epap

Aaoc ao e ocoea po ocoec. o, pee ceo o, o copee pao eceoc cao po opaa c oo capx, oac co x ocp. pec oee poe ocpoe (oec), ooe oca oee cox poe ooe, acpa. Oa ax aeop - paoa ccea, aa oooc aapoa, oea pao peaoc eoco e, a e oee eo ooe.

cceoae coc paa eo po oeca pee eocaeaeo, cecopoeo e paox e o ce x ooopa. p o oo cax opx cep poe paa ec eo aoece c a ca a oeco ocapco. Pa coc oo aoec ao epape o opeeee oocoae a paoe cce.

paoe cce pax copeex ocapc e a co cxoe ep, a oee ocoeoc. oe paoo cce oxaae po p paox e, a opae, opaaoe, coao-pe ace copo paooo eoea. Ececeo, o aoe ocapco ee co pao cce, oopa ee a oe ep c pao ccea px ocapc, a o o x, .e. - ceece ocoeoc. paoa ccea aoo ocapca opaae aooepoc pa oeca, eo copece, aoae, pe ocoeoc.

ao oe o, o e pooeoe pe a cpaax eax a ec oecoe cop o o, aa paoa ccea e, aa ec aoee epcao, o poao-epaca, aocacoca, caca paoa ccea p. Copo ao cce po ece oo o coe paoo ce. oo o pe opoc aa e ccea ec aoee epcao eoxoo aeo a x, cea cpae aa , oe oo, p opeeo o: ao paox cce pae ee, aa a peapee ooee acae XXI ee.

aoc pao e ocoea ae eco ooc copecx ce ox ocapc. copeeo pe a ee coe pao. pao pax cpa coppoao a pax ax, coe pa ex coao oec c eca, pa cppa, paa, epoa.

pao ocapco epapo aoca p c po, o aa cpaa cpo pao cce, ep o ae co ae ocoeoc copecoo pa. oo paoe cce pax ocapc oac p o pa e co xapaepe ep. o oe ae oe ae.

aa aoc ao e, ae aaec o, o aap pae paoe cce cpa pa, acoc Poao-epac, oo paccope oe pao cce, oopa cece ceac Pocc, co p o o ocpax ocapc. a ao ae pa paoo cce Poccco eepa, ocoee ocoeoce paox cce pa ec aaaopo e eapox ooe ooe Pocc a poo apee.

Ocoe xapaepc paoo cce a e oeca ocapca ca peeo cceoa paoax C. C. Aeceea, ., A, . . aaea, . . apaoa, A. M. acea, A. . eepoa, A. . eoa, aa P., . . apaoa, . A. epoa, . . pea, . . pea, P. . a, . A. eeea, . . aoa, A. . ea, A. C. opoa, A. . oa, . . Paxao, A. X. Caoa, A. . Ceo, . . Cea, . . Coa, . A. xopoa p.

Oeo cceoa ec paoa ccea, a coooc aocax aoacx eeo paax eo cce oecex ooe.

peeo cceoa c aa cpaee paox cce (cee) copeeoc.

Aop acepco pao e peee a eaoe paccopee cex cecx paox cee copeeoc, a aepe ae a ocox paox cceax (Poao-epaca, ao-cacoca, peoe).

e acepco pao ec cceoae ocox paox cce (cee) copeeoc, ee x ocoeoce, aooepoce caoe pa. a ocoa ocaeo e coppoa cee aa pao:

- Paccope pae oxo opeee acca paox cce;

- oaa aoee oe ep, aooepoc ee pa paox cce pa;

- Pacp ocoeoc paccapaex paox cce, coeax paoe ee paoo p;

- poaapoa ocoe paoe cce copeeoc (Poao-epac, ao-cacoc, peo) ee pa paox cce (x oex eeo).

oea cceoa coco o, o pea o cceoa po aee a coepecoae paox cce, ooaee ao x e ec oo. acepca paoa coep p peoea o e ee pa paox cce (x oex eeo).

Oco eoo e paox cce, paoe eo cpaeoo aaa, poo coe cpae paoeee. ee-oapac (o a. comparativus - cpaa) cce paoe cce pax ocapc, x oee ocoeoe. Cpaee ooe accpoa ocapceo-paoe e pce pao ccea pax cpa. Opee x copec oceoaeoc, eeece c e , xapaep acoa op, po, op paa oo paoo cce po. Oeo cpae ca paoe cce pa x cocae: oee o paa, ccea paa, co paa, peca exa, paocoa, cea ccea cppa paooxpaex opao p.

ae cooac oea (aeec eo), oop peoaae ee paox e c o pe aoo ae, oop ooe po coc ocapca paa, c x ppo, ocoeoc, exa eeoc ocapca, paoopeca paopee. acoa eoa e paoo cce a oeceoo e oocc: copec, cpae, coooec, opao-pec, opa, oec, cce, cppo-oa, ocpeco oopx pooc aa ceceo aooaeca pa eo pee.

eopeeca paeca aoc coco o, o cceoae pax paox cce cpa pa, x ocoeoce o oo ooe a coepecoa paoe cce, ooa a x e ec oo. a a paoe cce opaa coao-ooecoe, oecoe pae poe p apoa, o x ee ooe coppoa pecaee o oecex ooex, o coc oo oo oeca.

Cppa acepco pao opeeea cooec c oo oe ocox paccapaex opoco. Paoa coco ee, x a, ax apapao, ae cca cooao epap.

1. Oa xapaepca paoo cce a eppe aeop peco a

1.1 oe, coc ee paoo cce

oae coc po paa pee pooo oxoa pao e o ce x ooopa aoec e coo, a ae ea oax coc paox e o ooe eoe, ocapc, oec. ece c ooce opeee o paa, oope opaa pacpa eo cecee ep, ao poee o oocoao epoc oe paoa ccea.

aao eop paa oe paoa ccea coec peeceo cpaeo paoee, oapaca. p o cooopaoa paoa ce, ce cce paa, paoa ccea ocpac a coe ooae cooecx paox eoeo. oeeceo ae oe paoo cce coec ooceo eao. p o aaee aoo epa aaec o, o oopa pao a cce op, pao eeoc, pao eoo p.[5, c. 23].

paoa ccea oaae ocoa a ocapceo oe ococeo acca ceo oeca coo c paa, paocoa peco pa. o oe oxaae po p paox e, a opaoe, opaaooe, coao-pe ace, copo paooo eoea.

paoa ccea - eoc oec paox e, oop ocoe oe aooepoc pa oeca, ocoa ocoo ocpoo x opaa (ocapco) coe oce cox ee. o oe paae oe a e, a eo o, o pao o oec, cocae ee oopoo coee e coo e ca opao, a eoxo c ooe; ce pece e aoo oeca, cece oo oe pe a oo o e pocpace, ca ooe ooc, oope oe x cce [6, c. 45].

paoa ccea ec oo paooce coax cce. oe cce ao coec pax aax, o ce paoee. ece papao oac cceoo oxoa oe eop cce aa cepee 20 ., xo ep ccea (pe. systema - cocaeoe ace, coeeoe) cpeaec e paoax aa (cceoc oa), ea ee. 17-19 . ccec opeeee cce pax ceax aax.

Cec oeco pax opeee cce, oope peaac e ocoa, coooa, pca. Aap x, oo cea o, o ccea ec opoea coooc eeo, oope aoca aoec p c po, oaae ooceo caocoeoc opaec eco, oopoe xapaepec pee eococ aoooc opoa [44, c. 112].

aae pa xapaep pao cce, xo oe paoa ccea oaae opao oe, e poco opao oaaee o pa co cce ee. C x o o paoo cceo peaaec oa eco cooecx ee ooeo (ace), oope opeee opao oec e coo o coepae opa pep oope acoc o x ppo xapaepa oeo, aooepo ceo, pooo c e coca ooceo co opaa.

Pae oecex ooe, eee ooecoo aa, oeco ca, xooo pa cococ o, o pocccoe oeco po oo aeceo coco, oo ocapceoc, oopa co peee oa ca paoo. x cox opacae aee paox aa cpa. Ocoeo aa po pee cox aa pae oeeceo paoo ccee. eo paoa ccea oaae ooe e a xapaep ee oece, coepecoae aooaeoo poecca, oee eoc pecoo pepoa, oppoae oeceoo aoo coa.

C o pe .. coa, ccea paa opaae peee cpoee paa, a paoa ccea - eo eco p px occe oeca.

A .. oa e, o paoa ccea - o pecoe oe, oopoe oxaae cpp, pe e a cce ocapceo-paooo oocpeoa oecex ooe opeoo oeca, ooe opa cce paox op o px cocx pecx e, opaaee opeee cee ooeoc paoo eceoc. [46, c. 213].

ca ccea ae coooc ec opao cpoex eeo, oope coca ee cpp. paoa ccea ae ee co ee, oope opaa ee o px cce. a cae poeccop C.C. Aecee, paoa ccea oeoopoa eococ coax eeo, o oop oaec:

-ae ococe paoo eoo;

-ae eceo paa (coooc paox op);

- ae cooo eea .e.eeoc ocapcex pee aooaex, coex p. [17, c. 48].

oee oo poeccop . . poe ae pao cce coooec ooe, .e. paoooe, peee paa, pec pa. O opeee pao cce a a aeop, oopa ae ooepoe opaee paoo eceoc opeoo ocapca [15, c. 145].

A. . oaeo aece eeo paoo cce paccapae pao, pao eoo pec pa[15, c. 145].

. . Co cae pao cce oo eoeeco opaae. o cce, o oa oc aap xapaep, paa c pee ceo eoe. Xapaep coec a ceo paoe ce pa, o pacpae ocoeoc poccco paoo eaoc, ee po-copece, aoae, peoe co, pa. .. Co cae o, oo ao a, oa oo oo ec aa oeeceo paoo c ecoo px, ee pee, o: e c opao-pecx, coooecx, cxooecx, a epe p aoao-copeco, po-ooeco ppo oeeceoo paooo pa epecax oa opeo eococ cceoc. paa, o cce e coce ce ec o o, o aeaa ocoeoc poccco paoo cce a caocoeoo po-copecoo eoea - ee apaoa coeopa pe ccoep. [28, c.76].

paoa ccea o oe cooe ooaooe, oopoe ae ce e oec ooeo, oope oaa opao-opaee oece a oecee ooe. ee paoo cce oee o e, aaa, o eoope oe , o, poe, e ceece o oopooc eoc ocex. ap c o , a ooe paoo cce oe pce oo e, ceece , o e eae , oao, axoc oeco c p c po.

a cae pac e . apoe, paoa ccea ec ece, cpeooe paoopax pecx e oope cec oece oo o e pe a oo o e pocpace. aoc eeo paoo cce, x opoae opee cao cecoae paoo cce, a a opoao, papoeo e, oa cecoa e oe.

o c p cceoa ao aeop eecoopao pe cceo-cpp oxo, ee paoo cce, a eo, a o ac. Cce oxo ao cae ec o cpeo cceoa, oop peoaae aa oea a cooo e, cocoeo eeo, aoc e oop oeceae eo eococ. Oao eooo, o eoe e ae ocoeoc eo ace [27, c. 18].

o c ee oea, o eoe o coe o ec o, o coep cee ac. o ec eoe e ooeo a o, o oo ec o coe o, ec oo e paeeo, o oo epecae e. cceoae oex cocax paoo cce o coea c ee paoopax pex poecco, oope oo oc eococ paoo cce, ee pee ee c. Oopeeo pao cce e co opa coca cceoo opaoa, xo oo cae ao. eo eoxoo aa oee o coa, opeo-copec oec cc [37, c. 43].

Coc paoo cce aaec o, o oa paae aac epeco pax coax p, coe, acco oeca. epec oa opaee pae, aoax px acx cce e ocapceo o, oopa opaec a oooc acoo pe oo oee aaa apee pecx peca.

paoa ccea cae ae cap opa aopo. e oa ocae c oo cex cox cppx eeo. ce ee paoo cce e cee opaoc, a a oe x poo o paa, paox op, eo cocax. opaoc oaa epaoe e, oao aoee xapaepe o pa ce e paa. oo oe cpaeo caec, o pao - opaa ocoa ce paoo cce.

pao ec epa c eo paoo cce. op paa opoa paoooe. paoooe ca opo peaa pecx op. paoepoe oeee aco paoooe cocae c aooc paoopa, oope c peao opoa paoo cce, oopa ceece o eoc ocee.

copeeo peco epape poo peec aeop paoa ccea. apep,.A. xopo cae, o oe paoa ccea pecae coo cppo-eppoa coco eocoo pecoo oec a oecee ooe. aece eeo paoo cce o ee ae: o-epx, e p paooo pepoa; o-opx, ocoe paooc paox ao x oee; -pex, cceoopae c, oope oecea aoece cex eeo eococ cce [51, c. 52].

C. C. Aecee, aa a pao eca o, oe, o cceoopae c e ca eeo paoo cce, a copee coco ocee. oe .A. xopo peo paccapa a e paoe cce, a eo pao cce, oopa caaec copec, cce aooaeca, oopa pecae coo po paoao eeoc, op, pae opaoo aepaa [56, c. 84].

aa o aa opaee .. aoa, oop cae, o opeee peeo cpoe paa aooaeca e eoxooc o ooe oe, oo cec oepe paoe aeop ccea paa ccea aooaeca, oopx oe ocaoo, o opa ceco aax e, o ce c o cceoo oxoa [56, c. 63].

paoax pocccx ex cppa paoo cce xapaepec pe pa paox e: o-epx, o pece op, p c; o-opx, coooc paox pee; -pex, coooc paox o, pecae, e, oope coce ao oec, paoa pa.

a o, xapaepca eeo paoo cce coepc e aepacoo cceoae .pa eee aepacoe pao, e ec paoe e, oeee ae p p. Coaco ao acca epa pa, oopa aaec aopo cppa, ae p paoo cce paoe pee; opa - coc oee op opa oee e p paoo cce, pee, o ao, op, oope pac; pe pa - paoa pa ae ooe e pa paoo ccee, ea oa paoo ccee oeca. paoa pa, o e pa, o a ac oe p oeca, oopa ee ooee paoo ccee [20, c. 153].

eoope paoe opee pao cce, a pao poo cce, oe aece ocox eeo o coo cpp paocoae, op paa, paoooe, paoe pee, pao p. ee opee pao cce a coooc aocax, coacoax aoecx paox cpec, pepx oecee ooe, a ae eeo, xapaepx poe paooo pa o o cpa.

paoa ccea - o c paoa eceoc aoo ocapca. o poo o ec ae ee, oope eco ca e coo. o coceo pao a ccea oaex op, oopa paea aoe, x, paaex ocapco coax; paoa eoo - aa copoa paocoa; cea (peca) paa.

paoa ccea aoo ocapca opaae aooepoc pa oeca, eo copece aoao-pe ocoeoc. aoe ocapco ee co pao cce, oopa ee a oe ep c pao ccea px ocapc, a o o x, o ec ceece ocoeoc [22, c. 116].

ooee cop pa paoo cce ocapca oaa o, o a coepae a paoo cce oece c xoa pa oeca: pe, oco, opa, xoecea pa, aa. Copeea paoa apa pa pacpae ooopae paox cce oe pe ceece o cpee ocapc ce, ec aooaece, paopeeo eeoc cepe pepoa pox ooe, oxpa opae cpe, pepoa px cep oeceo ocapceo .

paoa ccea pecaec coooc aocax, coacoax aoecx paox cpec, oope pep oecee ooe, a ae ee, xapaepe poe paooo pa o o cpa.

oe paoa ccea ee aoe aee xapaepc paa o o opeo cpa. Oo o cae pe e o aoao paoo ccee, apep, eopa, epa, .. [23, c. 125].

a opao, paoa ccea pecae coo eoc oec paox e, cocae ee oopoo coee e coo eoxo c ooe. paoa ccea ocoea oe aooepoc pa oeca, o ec, ce pece e aoo oeca, cece oo oe pe a oo o e pocpace.

aoe ocapco ee co pao cce, oopa ee a oe ep c pao ccea px ocapc, a o o x, o ec ceece ocoeoc. oae coc po paa oeca pee pooo oxoa pao e o ce x ooopa aoec e coo, a ae e oax coc paox e o ooe eoe, ocapc, oec.

eoope paoe o pao cce a pao poo cce, oe aece ocox eeo o coo cpp paocoae, op paa, paoooe, paoe pee, pao p.

paoe cce o cxoc, ec x eeo oec p, paoe ce. ppoa paox cce paoe ce ocecec a ocoe pecoo oxoa, p oopo a oco epc co paa acoe oe pao, pe pece aeca [55, c. 213].

a opao, a o, cece oeco paoopax paoo o paoa ccea. ae cooopaoa a paoa ce, ce cce paa, paoa ccea ocpac co ooae cooecx paox eoeo. oeece a oe paoo cce oo ooceo eao. aaee aoo o aaec o, o oopa pao a cce op, pao eeoc, pao eoo pe.

1.2 acca paox cce

Oo ax opoco p paccope paox cce copeeoc aae x acca (oo). aoe ooee e cao. a a , poea acca (oo) paox cce ac a ep a caa, oa, oco opoco paoee.

oco copec ao cpae ec co paoe oa, pa, aooaeco, pcoe opa, coppoac ocoeoc paooo eaea, paoo p oo oop o x caooc, o o, o aa x opae co pao cce .e. coooc cex paox e (op, pee, ooe, paocoa), cecx ee paax.

Pa e pao pax cpa aeo eac, ec cxo e coepa opex op, a x oee ocox eeo, oope coc coa, ooa, oe op. Ca op a ecoeo paoopa, o coco x pao, cceaa, ooa oaa ae eoopx o, oopx e a oo. oo, ap c ocoeoc, o, x paox cceax oo ae oe ep, ee cxoca, oope oo x cppoa paoe ce, oope oe ecoo pocex paoo ooe cpa [49, c. 69].

peco oapace cpaeo paoee pao cce oo paccapa o poo cce: o oa aoaoe pao, a o paoo cceo poo cce - opeee coooc aoax paox cce, oope oee ooc coo paa, ocox paox o aeop, eoo cocoo pa.

a e oeaoc paee, oo, o ooa paoe cce poo cce coc pae ep. apep, P. a coe ep ce paox cce, . aep, .. ep, . Peca - paoe p, A.X. Cao - paoa ccea. ep paoa ccea aoee ae pacpocpae epape o cpaeo paoee [10, c. 32].

aa aoaa paoa ccea eppe co pao eceoc opeoo ocapca: op, cpp, co, ee c opac, pa, paocoae, paoopo, pao p ..

oe paoa ce c oo, o ooa p paox cce, oope e cxoe pece pa, ooe oop o ooceo ece x cce. o cxoco ec peao x opeo-copecoo oecoo pa. epec ec oxo aax oapaco, oope opa oo paox cce eceo o pa x accoo coc. p acca o co pae aop, ae a ece, pacoe, eopaece, peoe c paa. Oca oeco acca [44, c. 205].

Cao opo ec acca paox cee, oopa aa ec pac e Pee ao. a acca ocoaa a coea x pepe: eoo, oopa ae pe, oco, ooece coae cpp, peco ex, ae aece ocoo cocae co paa. P. a peo e pxoo, oopa peoaae eee pex epx cee cce: Poao-epaco, aocacoco coaceco. pae ocao pec p, oop oxaae epe x ae, o aae peoe paoe cce [11, c. 31].

ocoe po acca e oe aaoo paa, oa oae a: aaoe pao a po epaoo oeca, oop ocoa a ae, pax xpcaca, cooe pepaeca cpee paoo caoc, paoo coxpa aeae eoc, coacecoe pao, a ceo ecaoe, epexoee, opeeeoe coacec ooec, oec p co, acoc ococo ocapceo coceoc apoa [46, c. 17].

cppe aaoo paa e poao-epac aocacoc cce. a e a ae P. o 1950 . e eeap pc cpaeoo paacoo paa. ocec P. a ooe o o o ca pepac oe pxoo. . eepo . oe e eee paooe cpaee aco pae, ee 1971 ., oco acca paox cce ooe pep paooo c. paoo c opaec, o e aopo, aopo: pocxoee o paoo cce; coeopae pecoo e; ceece paoe c; ppoa coo paa coco x ooa; eooece aop. a o ocoa paac cee paoe p: poac, epac, caac, ao-aepac, coacec, pao caa, ccoe pao. peae, oe o e pea, o P. aa. p o o cex cax e epec o ae apccco-eca oo paa, ocoe oopo e pep oeceo-ooeco opa [43, c. 27].

A.X.Cao oaae, o oo eco oao apccco-eco oo poo acca paox cce, ae oooc coca eocoe pecaee o paoo ape pa. O ee p paoo a paa oce paox cee, ax a: poao-epaca, caaca, ao-aepaca, paoa ce oeo paa, aeocoa paoa ce. O paccapac ap c coaceco cee paa. paax coaceco paoo ce, eep e copeco acee, cecoa ooceo caocoee p, ae a coeca paoa ccea, paoe cce cocpa Epo, paoe cce cocpa A, paoa ccea pec a [48, c. 312].

cxo p pepe, oope a, o-epx, cop paox cce, o-opx, cce coo paa, -pex, cpp paoo cce - ee c opac paa, o ee p paoo a paa oce cex paox cee: poao-epac, caac, aoaepac, pao ce oeo paa, cac, cc paoe ce, ce ooo paa aeoco pao ce. ce paccapac ap c cee coacecoo paa. copecoe pae paec a opeee x ocoeoce. peeax coaceco paoo ce, eep e copeco acee, e ooceo caocoee p: coeca paoa ccea, paoe cce coacecx ocapc Epo, paoe cce coacecx ocapc cpa A paoa ccea Pec a, oope, ececeo, e e oo oeo, a ae ocoeoo eoo [48, c. 127].

o cece ecoo oe pe a acca paox cce acoeo eaeoo pooo. epec pecaec oxo aax oapaco, oope opa oo paox cce eceo o pa x accoo coc. p acca o co pae aop, aa c ecx, pacox, eopaecx, peox aaa peco exo ce paa. Oca e oeco acca.

Oa cax opx - acca paox cee, a, o opeeea Pee ao. Oa ocoaec a coea x pepe: eoo, oopa ae pe, oco, ooece coae cpp, peco ex, oope a aece ocoo cocae co paa. P.a e pxoo -ee pex ocox cee: poao-epaco, ao-cacoco, coaceco. pae ocao pec p, oop o aae peoe paoe cce [43, c. 28].

ao epape e pepe oee acca paox cce pax ocapc:

1. Ooc eeca (ooe oceeo pa). Cce ca copec, e oe ocapceo-paoe op, oope popaca ooo peeo ocapca, ocoa a ox ex e paox aaax, pax, opax.

2. Ooc coo, op apee pae op paa Pe e o ee ope paa, o o, e a cpc eo op ( aoax, ooopax, cex peex, oax), o x po, ae, coooe.

3.Cppoe eco, cxoco. paoe cce cpa, oope xo o pao ce, o oaa cxoco cppoo ocpoe opao-paooo aepaa. a pao, o axo paee a popoe - a poe cpoe op paa, ee eeo, a ae a apopoe - a poe cpoe px oo opaoo aepaa .e. opace, copace, px opaee.

4.Ooc po pepoa oecex ooe ox cpaax o e coo ceo, x opaoo paeca, oeoc paoc .., px - eooece, peoe aaa (apep, cace cpa), pex - coacece, aoa-coacece e ..

5. Eco epoo, pecx aeop o, a ae ex oe cceaa op paa. Pocee paoo ooe cpa oo co oecee cxoe o coe ae ep, o ocec eco x pocxoe.

o o e pe aooae cpa, oope xo o pao cce, p papaoe paox eco pe oaoe pece ocp, coco ocpoe opaoo aepaa, eo opoe, cceaa.

o ae e, acca paox cce oee eecoopao poo a ocoe coea, opaecoo eca ecox ccex pao, o ec oco acca (oo) paox cce oo ooeo aeoe co pepe, a e o. ao oxo ooe oee poo paccapa ocoeoc ooeo paox cce.

ecop a paoac o oe opoca, oco ex cxoc a oo acca, oopo e cee paoe cce (ce): poao-epaca, ao-aepaca paoa ce, ce oeo paa, ce coacecoo paa peoo-paooo paa [44, c. 84].

1. Poao-epaca, ae cpa oeao Epo, Pocc, aaxca, cpa aco Aep, eoope cpa Ap, a ae p.

2. Ao-cacoca (ao-aepaca). e oocc paoe cce cpa: A, CA, aaa, Acpa, oa ea p.

3. Peoo-paoa ccea oee cpa, oope coe aece ocapceo pe ca, , a.

4. Coaceca paoa ccea. e oocc cpa: a. ea, P, a.

5. Ccea ooo paa, oopa pacpocpaea aopao Ape aaacape.

poea acca a opeeee p , a aaec eoopx aopo - ce paox cce, ec oo ocox poe cpaeoo paoee, oopa e ao peae ae oapaco ceo pa.

ocax acca cooac cae pae aop, a e oo e epecee. ao oo ooc: ec, paco, eopaec, peo, a ae eee o paoo exe c paa.

ac epo eapoo oepe cpaeoo paa 1900 oa paa pac, ao-aepac, epac, cac cac paoe ce, 1919 o oeco paox cee copaoc o pex: poao-epaca ccea paa; ao-cacoco cce paa; caca ccea pao.

a opao, cece ecoo acca paox cce pooo acoeo. C paaeco o copeeo pe ec p ae p paox cce, opax p ce: poao-epac ce oeaoo paa, aoaepac ce oeo paa, ce coacecoo paa. ao x paox cee cec eao oo. poe oo, cee e , o cec e paoe cce, oope c coo epo cooc peco epape oe ce peoo-paooo paa [23, c. 215].

cee apapae acoe pao c eo oeo, oopeoc paccopex accax, ocaoc a xapaepce ax ocox paox cce (cee), oope e a copeeo paoo ape pa aoee pacpocpaee.

2. Aa ocox paox cce copeeoc

2.1 Poao-epaca paoa ccea (oeaoe pao)

Poao-epaca paoa ce ccea oeaoo paa, oopo ooc cpa oeao Epo. p o e e e e: poac (pa, e, cep, oa, a, opa, ca - p ee po aoao paoo cce pa) epac (P, Acp, eap, p. - p ee po paoo cce P). o e pe a ce oaae e a cpa aco Aep, ae ac Ap, cpa eo ocoa, o oe. cop. Oa coac Epoe, peae c ex epoecx epceo, oope paoa pa, aa c XII ea, a ae oa epaopa caa o cex pec a, pcocoe co copeeoo pa. coa, poao-epacoe pao peae pee pcoo paa cpaa oeao Epo, e eco cox cpoo ooecoo pa, poca opo opoo.

ee pcoo paa, poecc caoe cao peco a cpoac oec co oo pee, pee ceo, opo e cec epo ac, poco popaecx cpp ac. Pee pcoo paa pea o, o ee epo eoaa paoe cce epoecx cpa - x paoa opa, peca exa pope opeeeoe cxoco.

P.a oepae, o poao-epaca paoa ce coe copeco pa e a poo eeoc eoao ocapceo ac ( o ee oe o oppoa acoo oeo paa), a a ceo poo p, eac o o. o ao-o epe epo o ooe epo, opao ca pee [10, c. 113].

coao-p peoca acoa Epoo pcoo paa oo oec pae Epoe opaoa, ccca, p, oooe o ocp pcx pecx oe, o, o ocp. a po o poecce cpa epce, e pocxo ee opax pcx eco (oa occaopo), a ae x aaa co cpeeeo (oa ococcaopo). O cee ca, oa pcoe pao (a oee pao, ocoaoe a pco) ocpaoc aooaee oo caa, o oppoae poao-epaco paoo ce o oeo o, aooep c paa c ooo oo, e oe oo e ea cooo poecca pa aacecx ooe epax eoaoo oeca, pee ceo ooe coceoc, oea, epexoa o eooecoo ooeco pe. ec a ep a op p paa, oope paccapac a paa oee, oeae peoa opa , pee ceo, cpaeoc.

peca aa co oco aa o, o opee, a o op.

aoap opoo aoeco ep poo pc epox co (ocoeo ca), cece a caoee Poao-epaco paoo ce eco aoecoe (epooe) pao- ccea aoo, pa, caoex epo oocxc a cpoc ep, a epx (pa, aeae). aoecoe pao ocoaoc a pax pcoo paa, aoc epceax apae c pc paac pao.

oceee pae oeaoo paa aeo epe oooeoe oo ececeoo paa, oe opaao accopec c ec pae epoecx cpaax aooaeca oa.

a opao, oco exa pocxoe poao-epacoo paa c:

- pee pcoo paa cpaa oeao Epo XII-XII eax, ea ooece pe peoc;

- epo XII -XVI ea poao-epacoe pao ao paaec, peooea ocapcee pa, caoc ocoe ce Epo, ca ocpo A;

- XVI-XVIII eax papaoa aoaoo aooaeca a

ocoe caoe a aoao ocapceoc;

- c XIX ea aoap peoca, ocoa a aooepx cx paa c ooo oo (apoee aaa pae peo), oco coo (opo) paa ec ao;

- copee epo pa poao-epaco paoo xapaepec paoo epae cpa, peooe aoao-ocapcex pa, a ece c paooo aoaa, poeo ce a aooaex oeco oeao-epoecx cpa ocpoe oeepoeco paoo cce [8, c. 66].

cpaax Poao-epaco paoo ce opa paa oeaec coeopao: a oee, opao - opeeoe pao oee. p o paoa opa Poao-epaco paoo ce ec e-o cpe e ope pao oee o pa paa. ao ocoeoc o op, o cpae c aocacoco peeeo opo, ec ee ooe, acpa xapaep. aooae oo oppe ee a coa oe oee, a o aca, pa ooeoo (o o), e pea epece acx cae, apao oee. ae ec ooo coa op c oe pec ac, o axo papeee ooeo (acpao) ope [19, c. 167].

cooae op - oee oee ee co ococa eoca. eco ococo aoo a paoo peaea ec, o, o cooae op - oee oee ooe aooae oepao oecoa a coae ooe, e, peopaoa x. Ee o ococo ec oeee oca pee ecx aoo a ce cceo-epapxoo xapaepa poao-epacx op, oope opa aocae oec cooex c o pe peco c coao aoc ooe, cpe oopx ec ae opoceee, eee ae paa. ece c e ooe xapaep pae opa eae ep: e oee oe ec opa, e pee ee pe a pae. oae cepea poea ee opea ooa, papeaea cooae oeca peo, cocoo ooa, oox o o aooae. peae ce, appa, p opaa paaaec oeco opx op, ooe, pacx, opepx ooe aoo.

opao-paox aax apec op, oope a epec oca eca eo, oopp x acoc o opex ooecx, coax, aoax eapox ooe a copec epo. Cee oe, o e ce cep oeceo cpa oepac opao pepoa. oaa oo axao co ocapcee epec, a ace, ecee pao-ceee pooa pepoa oa cea paa. o oceeo opaoe pepoae pacpocpaoc a ce cep, oac oeceo : a ocapce, a ac, cao eceo opo paooo pepoa.

ae coo poao-epacoo paa cae ao. ao opae a cee paoopa, oxaae ce eo ace, a o cee, aeo cee pa e aop. ao e paccapaec o ecao, a aac ac o pacpex eoo eo ooa, oopx poec opeca po op ceo pa. pc ca ao eopeec pa, o aooae opo oe e poe, o poe paec e ae [59, c. 213].

ao pac apaea cpa cce, oaa ce peco co pacpocpac a c eppop ocapca, cex eo paa. ae pope o ooe o ce oca coa paa. O oe apea eapoa oa, oee ooe ceo pa, pocapcee ooop. Coaco poao-epaco ope ao opaec a ocoe oe (ee).

o cex cpaax poao-epaco ce ec cae oc, a opa oopx paec ca peca ca. Oa paaec a cooec oc aoo oaox ao, a caoe oco ocapc ceoo opo a ocooc ox aoo. oc papaa oee pax ocapcex opao cepe paoopeca cooec c o oeee poo epea pax coo paa. ocox aoo pecope oco opo x oe, ee, peoaa coace a o apoaoo ca eao. aoe eco cpe ex aoo aa opoae a (oec). oec oc oo opaceo xapaep. oce oeax cpa p ec: paace (o paace opoe), ooe, paaco-poeccae, ooo-poeccae eoope pe oec. poe aoo cpaax poao-epaco cce paec oeco oaox ao: epe, peae, cp, pp, pe oe, aaee coeo ac.

op coo poao-epacoo paa ec oa, oop ceo oe opocee po, oco cae aece ooe ao. o copec oe oe op o apeee aoax, ca x coepae. C oo oae, ae a aocacoco pae, o ococ poe aooaeoo pepoa [43, c.213].

a opao, oa paece ooe, pec p occ oa aoa. poe oo, oa coe caa poope, ecpaeoc aooaex pee. o ooe ooee oa ccee coo poao-epacoo paa eca coeopao. O oe ecoa e oo ooee ao o poe aoa. oo ca, oa oa aae ooee po aoa (apep a, aaoo pae, e opco oa peape a opo oa oep xapaep caocoeoo coa paa.

Cee ae oe, o oo oae, poao-epaco cee ocaoo poo coc eoope oe p, oope pc o a cao aoe, a cae eoxooc e aoa. p oaa oee paa ee cpaeoc o e, a oceee oaec opeee ox opeee oe. Ca aooae co aopeo apee eoope oe op (apep, C.2. eapcoo paacoo ec oo o peae pee, caoee opo coec, ec op paa, coao ooeco e paa) [18, c. 311].

pe coo poao-epacoo paa c opeee ooopa oe paa cea paa. Cc x ooopo coc o, o coaco ece ope, op paa o pac oo ca aooae oooe opaa. e e eee, cece poope, poe aooaeca po pocop, peocae apaea ce opaa, oco papao c pax pee, ox ooe aoa, a oa, x pape c oe aooae. oooo poa pee paaac oo c ce ca, aoap ceo epapx, ae peeoa ce ecoe cee opa ceoa coppoaec pae [11, c. 116].

a opao, coac coeopae cee op -paoooe ceo pa, aee ce pe pao pca, oope c cex copax, popea po ecoc caoc ac paoo cce [50, c. 84].

o cex cpaax poao-epaco ce paec eee paa a oe acoe, ecoe ee co pee Pco ep caee accec. Oco pepe ee oo paa cae o, ocapce epec. oe pao pepe ooe copaoe, apec a ac oe, a exae pe oax . e op epae op, oope e o ee, ooe aca paoooe.

po cppo ocoeoc poao-epacoo paa ec oceoaeoe opaceoe eee op, x pa ope opac paa pao ca. cooece c peco opo ce paee opae ooe oa cooec opace poc c eo peea x pepoa ocoeoce peo cpec oec a ceo paa. aa oeca oceoaeoc opaee opao-paooo aepaa ocoea paoao ppoo, epcec op ao paoo ce [8, c. 69].

a opao, o cex cpaax poao-epaco ce paec accecoe eee paa a oe acoe, ecoe ee co pee Pco ep. pep ee oo paa cae o, ocapce epec, acoo paa - ocoe, ac epec. Ee oo cppo ocoeoc poao-epacoo paa ec oceoaeoe opaceoe eee op, x pa ope opac paa pao ca.


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